Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0013574
UniProt IDP09619
Primary gene name(s)PDGFRB
Synonym gene name(s)PDGFR, PDGFR1
Protein namePlatelet-derived growth factor receptor beta
Protein functionTyrosine-protein kinase that acts as cell-surface receptor for homodimeric PDGFB and PDGFD and for heterodimers formed by PDGFA and PDGFB, and plays an essential role in the regulation of embryonic development, cell proliferation, survival, differentiation, chemotaxis and migration. Plays an essential role in blood vessel development by promoting proliferation, migration and recruitment of pericytes and smooth muscle cells to endothelial cells. Plays a role in the migration of vascular smooth muscle cells and the formation of neointima at vascular injury sites. Required for normal development of the cardiovascular system. Required for normal recruitment of pericytes, mesangial cells in the kidney glomerulus, and for normal formation of a branched network of capillaries in kidney glomeruli. Promotes rearrangement of the actin cytoskeleton and the formation of membrane ruffles. Binding of its cognate ligands - homodimeric PDGFB, heterodimers formed by PDGFA and PDGFB or homodimeric PDGFD -leads to the activation of several signaling cascades; the response depends on the nature of the bound ligand and is modulated by the formation of heterodimers between PDGFRA and PDGFRB. Phosphorylates PLCG1, PIK3R1, PTPN11, RASA1/GAP, CBL, SHC1 and NCK1. Activation of PLCG1 leads to the production of the cellular signaling molecules diacylglycerol and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, mobilization of cytosolic Ca(2+ and the activation of protein kinase C. Phosphorylation of PIK3R1, the regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, leads to the activation of the AKT1 signaling pathway. Phosphorylation of SHC1, or of the C-terminus of PTPN11, creates a binding site for GRB2, resulting in the activation of HRAS, RAF1 and down-stream MAP kinases, including MAPK1/ERK2 and/or MAPK3/ERK1. Promotes phosphorylation and activation of SRC family kinases. Promotes phosphorylation of PDCD6IP/ALIX and STAM. Receptor signaling is down-regulated by protein phosphatases that dephosphorylate the receptor and its down-stream effectors, and by rapid internalization of the activated receptor. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11297552, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11331881, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1314164, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1396585, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1653029, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1709159, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1846866, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20494825, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20529858, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21098708, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21679854, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21733313, ECO:0000269|PubMed:2554309, ECO:0000269|PubMed:26599395, ECO:0000269|PubMed:2835772, ECO:0000269|PubMed:2850496, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7685273, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7691811, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7692233, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8195171}.
Subcellular locationCell membrane;
Single-pass type I membrane protein. Cytoplasmic vesicle. Lysosome lumen. Note=After ligand binding, the autophosphorylated receptor is ubiquitinated and internalized, leading to its degradation.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: P09619
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
aorta morphogenesis [GO:0035909];
cardiac myofibril assembly [GO:0055003];
cell chemotaxis [GO:0060326];
cell migration [GO:0016477];
cell migration involved in coronary angiogenesis [GO:0060981];
cell migration involved in vasculogenesis [GO:0035441];
glycosaminoglycan biosynthetic process [GO:0006024];
inner ear development [GO:0048839];
MAPK cascade [GO:0000165];
metanephric comma-shaped body morphogenesis [GO:0072278];
metanephric glomerular capillary formation [GO:0072277];
metanephric glomerular mesangial cell proliferation involved in metanephros development [GO:0072262];
metanephric mesenchymal cell migration [GO:0035789];
metanephric mesenchyme development [GO:0072075];
metanephric S-shaped body morphogenesis [GO:0072284];
negative regulation of apoptotic process [GO:0043066];
peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation [GO:0018108];
phosphatidylinositol-mediated signaling [GO:0048015];
phosphatidylinositol metabolic process [GO:0046488];
platelet-derived growth factor receptor-beta signaling pathway [GO:0035791];
platelet-derived growth factor receptor signaling pathway [GO:0048008];
positive regulation of apoptotic process [GO:0043065];
positive regulation of calcium ion import [GO:0090280];
positive regulation of cell migration [GO:0030335];
positive regulation of cell proliferation [GO:0008284];
positive regulation of cell proliferation by VEGF-activated platelet derived growth factor receptor signaling pathway [GO:0038091];
positive regulation of chemotaxis [GO:0050921];
positive regulation of collagen biosynthetic process [GO:0032967];
positive regulation of DNA biosynthetic process [GO:2000573];
positive regulation of ERK1 and ERK2 cascade [GO:0070374];
positive regulation of fibroblast proliferation [GO:0048146];
positive regulation of hepatic stellate cell activation [GO:2000491];
positive regulation of MAP kinase activity [GO:0043406];
positive regulation of metanephric mesenchymal cell migration by platelet-derived growth factor receptor-beta signaling pathway [GO:0035793];
positive regulation of mitotic nuclear division [GO:0045840];
positive regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity [GO:0043552];
positive regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling [GO:0014068];
positive regulation of phospholipase C activity [GO:0010863];
positive regulation of phosphoprotein phosphatase activity [GO:0032516];
positive regulation of reactive oxygen species metabolic process [GO:2000379];
positive regulation of Rho protein signal transduction [GO:0035025];
positive regulation of smooth muscle cell migration [GO:0014911];
positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation [GO:0048661];
protein autophosphorylation [GO:0046777];
regulation of actin cytoskeleton organization [GO:0032956];
regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling [GO:0014066];
response to estradiol [GO:0032355];
response to estrogen [GO:0043627];
response to fluid shear stress [GO:0034405];
response to hydrogen peroxide [GO:0042542];
response to hyperoxia [GO:0055093];
response to retinoic acid [GO:0032526];
response to toxic substance [GO:0009636];
retina vasculature development in camera-type eye [GO:0061298];
signal transduction [GO:0007165];
smooth muscle cell chemotaxis [GO:0071670];
wound healing [GO:0042060]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
Protein-protein interaction111185
Phylogenetic treeP09619
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD3unknownunknownunknown
AZA vs. DISUunknownunknownunknown
AZA vs. IL7unknownunknownunknown
AZA vs. SAHAunknownunknownunknown
DISU vs. CD3unknownunknownunknown
DISU vs. IL7unknownunknownunknown
DISU vs. SAHAunknownunknownunknown
DMSO vs. AZAunknownunknownunknown
DMSO vs. CD3unknownunknownunknown
DMSO vs. DISUunknownunknownunknown
DMSO vs. IL7unknownunknownunknown
DMSO vs. SAHAunknownunknownunknown
HIV vs. Mock in Activationunknownunknownunknown
HIV vs. Mock in Latencyunknownunknownunknown
IL7 vs. CD3unknownunknownunknown
SAHA vs. CD3unknownunknownunknown
SAHA vs. IL7unknownunknownunknown
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) unknown
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK 1.73729 0.000305467
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

Drugbank ID Drug Name Drug Status Pharmacological Action Drug Action
DB00102 Becaplermin approved, investigational yes unknown
DB00619 Imatinib approved unknown antagonist
DB00398 Sorafenib approved, investigational yes antagonist
DB01254 Dasatinib approved, investigational unknown antagonist
DB01268 Sunitinib approved, investigational yes inhibitor
DB05014 XL999 investigational unknown unknown
DB05146 XL820 investigational unknown unknown
DB06589 Pazopanib approved yes inhibitor
DB08896 Regorafenib approved yes inhibitor

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

PDB Accession Method Resolution Chain Structure Preview
1GQ5 X-ray 2.2Å A=1102-1106.
1H9O X-ray 1.7Å B=751-755.
1LWP Model - A=600-962.
1SHA X-ray 1.5Å B=751-755.
2L6W NMR - A/B=526-563.
2PLD NMR - B=1018-1029.
2PLE NMR - B=1018-1029.
3MJG X-ray 2.3Å X/Y=33-314.

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

HIV Partner Interaction Type PubMed
Tat activates 25164676
Tat induces phosphorylation of 25569182

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
hsa01521 EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04010 MAPK signaling pathway - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04014 Ras signaling pathway - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04015 Rap1 signaling pathway - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04020 Calcium signaling pathway - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04060 Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04072 Phospholipase D signaling pathway - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04151 PI3K-Akt signaling pathway - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04510 Focal adhesion - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04540 Gap junction - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04810 Regulation of actin cytoskeleton - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05166 HTLV-I infection - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05200 Pathways in cancer - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05206 MicroRNAs in cancer - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05214 Glioma - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05215 Prostate cancer - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05218 Melanoma - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05230 Central carbon metabolism in cancer - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05231 Choline metabolism in cancer - Homo sapiens (human)