Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0008892
UniProt IDQ13636
Primary gene name(s)RAB31
Synonym gene name(s)RAB22B
Protein nameRas-related protein Rab-31
Protein functionThe small GTPases Rab are key regulators of intracellular membrane trafficking, from the formation of transport vesicles to their fusion with membranes. Rabs cycle between an inactive GDP-bound form and an active GTP-bound form that is able to recruit to membranes different set of downstream effectors directly responsible for vesicle formation, movement, tethering and fusion. Required for the integrity and for normal function of the Golgi apparatus and the trans-Golgi network. Plays a role in insulin-stimulated translocation of GLUT4 to the cell membrane. Plays a role in M6PR transport from the trans-Golgi network to endosomes. Plays a role in the internalization of EGFR from the cell membrane into endosomes. Plays a role in the maturation of phagosomes that engulf pathogens, such as S.aureus and M.tuberculosis. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:17189207, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17678623, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19725050, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21255211, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21586568}.
Subcellular locationGolgi apparatus, trans-Golgi network {ECO:0000269|PubMed:17189207, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17678623, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19725050, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21586568}. Golgi apparatus, trans-Golgi network membrane {ECO:0000305};
Lipid-anchor {ECO:0000305};
Cytoplasmic side {ECO:0000305}. Early endosome {ECO:0000269|PubMed:17189207, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21586568}. Cytoplasmic vesicle, phagosome {ECO:0000269|PubMed:21255211}. Cytoplasmic vesicle, phagosome membrane {ECO:0000305};
Lipid-anchor {ECO:0000305};
Cytoplasmic side {ECO:0000305}. Note=Rapidly recruited to phagosomes containing S.aureus or M.tuberculosis, PubMed:21255211. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:21255211}.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: Q13636
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
cellular response to insulin stimulus [GO:0032869];
Golgi to plasma membrane protein transport [GO:0043001];
phagosome maturation [GO:0090382];
receptor internalization [GO:0031623];
regulated exocytosis [GO:0045055];
small GTPase mediated signal transduction [GO:0007264]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
GDP binding [GO:0019003];
GTPase activity [GO:0003924];
GTP binding [GO:0005525]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
early endosome [GO:0005769];
late endosome [GO:0005770];
phagocytic vesicle [GO:0045335];
phagocytic vesicle membrane [GO:0030670];
trans-Golgi network membrane [GO:0032588]
Protein-protein interaction116221
Phylogenetic treeQ13636
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
      unknown
Brass et al., Science, 2008
      unknown
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
      unknown
Interferon-stimulated
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model


DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD30.7704476813737840.1666536141843180.26476265131085
AZA vs. DISU-0.02705566892800020.9665677767031720.997265069543026
AZA vs. IL7-0.3097524106925550.5889940612429150.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA0.3867188421228060.5220082255055160.834193274810428
DISU vs. CD3-0.811225580274550.1297194263040790.228597500848875
DISU vs. IL7-0.2900341981939980.5985441516711880.87679695442698
DISU vs. SAHA0.4119125665546940.4808156291796410.811434633281613
DMSO vs. AZA-0.04897032983307560.9352768177508831
DMSO vs. CD3-0.8409035704127910.0610318347335570.113806732301156
DMSO vs. DISU-0.02651944663708360.9633774052492410.994294013509907
DMSO vs. IL7-0.2520809838380030.6068416570815110.913629351498752
DMSO vs. SAHA0.4281586680333210.4149933857222990.755272917292382
HIV vs. Mock in Activation-0.6134162489578270.3315523346989420.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency-0.248246896780060.6862546755826110.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD3-1.06987227979780.01078294733216330.0317692269620207
SAHA vs. CD3-0.4149445192048710.36006732611450.476945996707877
SAHA vs. IL70.6885720224344440.161749391402530.382704493172459
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock 0.882 7.55E-07 2.10E-05
Infected vs. Bystander 0.788 4.17E-06 5.57E-05
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) unknown
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK 1.34584 0.000305467
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

PDB Accession Method Resolution Chain Structure Preview
2FG5 X-ray 2.8Å A=2-174.

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
hsa04144 Endocytosis - Homo sapiens (human)
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