Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0007700
UniProt IDA0AVT1
Primary gene name(s)UBA6
Synonym gene name(s)MOP4, UBE1L2
Protein nameUbiquitin-like modifier-activating enzyme 6
Protein functionActivates ubiquitin by first adenylating its C-terminal glycine residue with ATP, and thereafter linking this residue to the side chain of a cysteine residue in E1, yielding a ubiquitin-E1 thioester and free AMP. Specific for ubiquitin, does not activate ubiquitin-like peptides. Differs from UBE1 in its specificity for substrate E2 charging. Does not charge cell cycle E2s, such as CDC34. Essential for embryonic development. Required for UBD/FAT10 conjugation. Isoform 2 may play a key role in ubiquitin system and may influence spermatogenesis and male fertility. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15202508, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17597759, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17889673}.
Subcellular locationunknown
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: A0AVT1
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
amygdala development [GO:0021764];
dendritic spine development [GO:0060996];
hippocampus development [GO:0021766];
learning [GO:0007612];
locomotory behavior [GO:0007626];
protein ubiquitination [GO:0016567];
protein ubiquitination involved in ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process [GO:0042787];
ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process [GO:0006511]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
ATP binding [GO:0005524];
FAT10 activating enzyme activity [GO:0019780];
ubiquitin activating enzyme activity [GO:0004839]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
cytoplasm [GO:0005737];
cytosol [GO:0005829]
Protein-protein interaction120529
Phylogenetic treeA0AVT1
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD30.7312763662239780.02620275015005680.0581886253287308
AZA vs. DISU0.120220936738670.6353632278591410.960057478314726
AZA vs. IL70.1820257345840310.3446875501737070.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA0.3041004897731740.2155951896227670.584300950804312
DISU vs. CD3-0.6239640277268390.08622689337228510.166042947201562
DISU vs. IL70.05337792244324030.832465772648230.964820397354322
DISU vs. SAHA0.1839702911874380.5332664198382780.843019767259146
DMSO vs. AZA-0.1077787831669410.5214987151384361
DMSO vs. CD3-0.8499547658680040.008269434201303330.0211833066217709
DMSO vs. DISU-0.2296441795793610.3481372929773190.842220911587404
DMSO vs. IL70.2970035749346790.09954097630895850.574721122341146
DMSO vs. SAHA0.4038208753451160.0888665427578970.347926508671172
HIV vs. Mock in Activation0.04146509375650610.9468897173623640.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency-0.03258311373667660.8438805730776480.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD3-0.539982107556950.09339085912792830.179642728386328
SAHA vs. CD3-0.4532523286463630.2034315127995970.30605100308375
SAHA vs. IL70.1174908309760760.6316083647591020.817381910231689
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) unknown
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK 0.152637 0.310617
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
1.012 0.942 1.051 1.125 0.956
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

not found

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
hsa04120 Ubiquitin mediated proteolysis - Homo sapiens (human)