Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0006467
UniProt IDP16298
Primary gene name(s)PPP3CB
Synonym gene name(s)CALNA2, CALNB, CNA2
Protein nameSerine/threonine-protein phosphatase 2B catalytic subunit beta isoform
Protein functionCalcium-dependent, calmodulin-stimulated protein phosphatase. This subunit may have a role in the calmodulin activation of calcineurin.
Subcellular locationunknown
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: P16298
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
axon extension [GO:0048675];
calcineurin-NFAT signaling cascade [GO:0033173];
calcium ion regulated exocytosis [GO:0017156];
cellular response to drug [GO:0035690];
dephosphorylation [GO:0016311];
Fc-epsilon receptor signaling pathway [GO:0038095];
heart development [GO:0007507];
learning [GO:0007612];
locomotion involved in locomotory behavior [GO:0031987];
lymphangiogenesis [GO:0001946];
memory [GO:0007613];
negative regulation of T cell mediated cytotoxicity [GO:0001915];
positive regulation of insulin secretion involved in cellular response to glucose stimulus [GO:0035774];
positive regulation of NFAT protein import into nucleus [GO:0051533];
positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated [GO:0045893];
positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter [GO:0045944];
protein dephosphorylation [GO:0006470];
protein phosphorylation [GO:0006468];
regulation of insulin secretion [GO:0050796];
regulation of synaptic plasticity [GO:0048167];
response to cytokine [GO:0034097];
signal transduction [GO:0007165];
social behavior [GO:0035176];
T cell activation [GO:0042110];
T cell differentiation [GO:0030217];
T cell homeostasis [GO:0043029];
T cell proliferation [GO:0042098];
Wnt signaling pathway, calcium modulating pathway [GO:0007223]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
calcium ion binding [GO:0005509];
calmodulin binding [GO:0005516];
calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase activity [GO:0033192];
drug binding [GO:0008144];
enzyme binding [GO:0019899];
protein dimerization activity [GO:0046983];
protein phosphatase 2B binding [GO:0030346];
protein serine/threonine phosphatase activity [GO:0004722]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
calcineurin complex [GO:0005955];
cytosol [GO:0005829];
nucleoplasm [GO:0005654];
plasma membrane [GO:0005886];
T-tubule [GO:0030315];
Z disc [GO:0030018]
Protein-protein interaction111524
Phylogenetic treeP16298
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
      unknown
Brass et al., Science, 2008
      unknown
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
      unknown
Interferon-stimulated
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model


DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD30.05262563242186780.8724395128014310.915569442761674
AZA vs. DISU-0.2825167635400430.2646416779470640.84249390778755
AZA vs. IL70.07049584907893340.7141848010697240.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA-0.06285384537735620.7967661651440590.946507223785305
DISU vs. CD3-0.3468448271811790.3399909400187860.473355816924649
DISU vs. IL70.3438342788940520.172944502408910.538331276856147
DISU vs. SAHA0.2205850671518110.4493070224583190.791852463961566
DMSO vs. AZA-0.120216716197640.4741471360646621
DMSO vs. CD3-0.1824703821577590.568739804564860.66969400936139
DMSO vs. DISU0.1610011701971650.5096839448511450.911899853623885
DMSO vs. IL70.1976871097560610.2724602789240640.76921890271593
DMSO vs. SAHA0.05018469099392040.8315086886961640.954212095282105
HIV vs. Mock in Activation-0.1504470535073470.8092772357663660.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency0.1085949626734420.5115156849270250.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD30.02573913725836260.9361584966619570.960255554103221
SAHA vs. CD3-0.1400378900622940.692071699995670.77381811240056
SAHA vs. IL7-0.1366000764719060.5749746532505320.78006102026495
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) unknown
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK -0.218297 0.114724
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
0.964 1.033 1.305 1.341 1.208
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

PDB Accession Method Resolution Chain Structure Preview
4OR9 X-ray 2.2Å A=1-524.
4ORA X-ray 2.7Å A=1-524.
4ORC X-ray 2.7Å A=1-524.

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

HIV Partner Interaction Type PubMed
Tat activates 12482669
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 regulated by 24086760

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
hsa04010 MAPK signaling pathway - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04020 Calcium signaling pathway - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04022 cGMP-PKG signaling pathway - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04114 Oocyte meiosis - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04310 Wnt signaling pathway - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04360 Axon guidance - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04370 VEGF signaling pathway - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04380 Osteoclast differentiation - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04650 Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04658 Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04659 Th17 cell differentiation - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04660 T cell receptor signaling pathway - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04662 B cell receptor signaling pathway - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04720 Long-term potentiation - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04724 Glutamatergic synapse - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04728 Dopaminergic synapse - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04921 Oxytocin signaling pathway - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04922 Glucagon signaling pathway - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04924 Renin secretion - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05010 Alzheimer's disease - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05014 Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05031 Amphetamine addiction - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05152 Tuberculosis - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05166 HTLV-I infection - Homo sapiens (human)
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