Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0005541
UniProt IDP38571
Primary gene name(s)LIPA
Synonym gene name(s)unknown
Protein nameLysosomal acid lipase/cholesteryl ester hydrolase
Protein functionCrucial for the intracellular hydrolysis of cholesteryl esters and triglycerides that have been internalized via receptor-mediated endocytosis of lipoprotein particles. Important in mediating the effect of LDL, low density lipoprotein uptake on suppression of hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase and activation of endogenous cellular cholesteryl ester formation.
Subcellular locationLysosome.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: P38571
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
cell morphogenesis [GO:0000902];
cell proliferation [GO:0008283];
cytokine production [GO:0001816];
homeostasis of number of cells within a tissue [GO:0048873];
inflammatory response [GO:0006954];
lipid catabolic process [GO:0016042];
lung development [GO:0030324];
tissue remodeling [GO:0048771]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
lipase activity [GO:0016298];
sterol esterase activity [GO:0004771]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
extracellular exosome [GO:0070062];
lysosome [GO:0005764]
Protein-protein interaction110176
Phylogenetic treeP38571
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
      unknown
Brass et al., Science, 2008
      unknown
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
      unknown
Interferon-stimulated
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model


DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD3-1.351348611479155.18065519186095e-050.000269716183252947
AZA vs. DISU-0.2916508329814660.2496104327260640.831029075563411
AZA vs. IL7-0.0182570383807560.9243971724867370.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA-0.04060832246711050.8677688768452130.969016078936568
DISU vs. CD31.048097952156010.004417962091828210.0146301319359004
DISU vs. IL70.2633466667153260.2970693307022060.681424248377321
DISU vs. SAHA0.2529387633542770.3859220115890920.752423109529005
DMSO vs. AZA-0.01889448902073330.9102856410629691
DMSO vs. CD31.323053649672384.86696492382199e-050.000236518795410898
DMSO vs. DISU0.2714326480211850.2666660713008780.785013262693934
DMSO vs. IL70.007514259248156870.9666870325012620.993414945980946
DMSO vs. SAHA-0.02771941899036730.9063756866542830.977651000597239
HIV vs. Mock in Activation0.04231022662568970.9458881057086820.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency0.2515719865789050.1282329283372790.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD31.339017492579694.22338121502941e-050.000273802258297369
SAHA vs. CD31.28735818922410.0003427572160805690.00141438971695898
SAHA vs. IL7-0.02461442113786050.9194870794647160.969661972565491
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) unknown
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK -0.202219 0.554833
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
0.974 1.494 1.967 1.893 1.515
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

not found

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
hsa00100 Steroid biosynthesis - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04142 Lysosome - Homo sapiens (human)
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