Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0004164
UniProt IDQ13042
Primary gene name(s)CDC16
Synonym gene name(s)ANAPC6
Protein nameCell division cycle protein 16 homolog
Protein functionComponent of the anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome, APC/C, a cell cycle-regulated E3 ubiquitin ligase that controls progression through mitosis and the G1 phase of the cell cycle. The APC/C complex acts by mediating ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of target proteins: it mainly mediates the formation of 'Lys-11'-linked polyubiquitin chains and, to a lower extent, the formation of 'Lys-48'- and 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitin chains. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:18485873}.
Subcellular locationCytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome {ECO:0000269|PubMed:7736578}. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle {ECO:0000269|PubMed:7736578}. Note=Colocalizes with CDC27 to the centrosome at all stages of the cell cycle and to the mitotic spindle.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: Q13042
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
anaphase-promoting complex-dependent catabolic process [GO:0031145];
cell division [GO:0051301];
cell proliferation [GO:0008283];
mitotic nuclear division [GO:0007067];
negative regulation of ubiquitin-protein ligase activity involved in mitotic cell cycle [GO:0051436];
positive regulation of ubiquitin-protein ligase activity involved in regulation of mitotic cell cycle transition [GO:0051437];
proteasome-mediated ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process [GO:0043161];
protein K11-linked ubiquitination [GO:0070979];
protein ubiquitination involved in ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process [GO:0042787];
regulation of mitotic nuclear division [GO:0007088];
regulation of ubiquitin-protein ligase activity involved in mitotic cell cycle [GO:0051439]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
unknown
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
anaphase-promoting complex [GO:0005680];
centrosome [GO:0005813];
cytoplasm [GO:0005737];
cytosol [GO:0005829];
nucleoplasm [GO:0005654];
spindle [GO:0005819]
Protein-protein interaction114400
Phylogenetic treeQ13042
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
      unknown
Brass et al., Science, 2008
      unknown
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
      unknown
Interferon-stimulated
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model


DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD30.6317171704702250.05452455666418290.107385936265518
AZA vs. DISU0.1494410827918440.5550802161161510.948600758214366
AZA vs. IL70.0748786450957090.6979372202717030.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA-0.205075537089290.4018923224294290.760497723864074
DISU vs. CD3-0.4951547637707440.1724869075976520.284595845569944
DISU vs. IL7-0.08344238026887460.7406849975664090.936494702534061
DISU vs. SAHA-0.3531323032688520.2267484892136840.603874621123774
DMSO vs. AZA0.008133584337351130.9614585375762041
DMSO vs. CD3-0.6346862601080340.04788609028414950.0928208891058559
DMSO vs. DISU-0.1428514930512130.5585937566319610.924836638387915
DMSO vs. IL70.07395897807584280.681792037448820.935290253575596
DMSO vs. SAHA-0.2197557100257780.3529231236393160.702629378648367
HIV vs. Mock in Activation-0.3115036725628440.6166859946332570.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency0.1486757095989910.369187952863540.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD3-0.5491370404600910.08810888328017630.171806623244773
SAHA vs. CD3-0.861356269819150.01554275020527560.0372087761069903
SAHA vs. IL7-0.283414105506350.246490380844340.488594649220918
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) unknown
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK 0.195574 0.320339
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
1.017 0.997 1.057 1.056 1.152
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

PDB Accession Method Resolution Chain Structure Preview
3HYM X-ray 2.8Å B/D/F/H/J/L=212-539.
4UI9 EM 3.6Å J/K=1-620.
5A31 EM 4.3Å J/K=1-620.
5G04 EM 4.0Å J/K=1-620.
5G05 EM 3.4Å J/K=1-620.
5KHR EM 6.1Å J/K=1-620.
5L9U EM 6.4Å J/K=1-620.
5LCW EM 4.0Å J/K=1-620.

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

HIV Partner Interaction Type PubMed
HIV-1 virus replication enhanced by expression of human gene 19460752

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
hsa04110 Cell cycle - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04114 Oocyte meiosis - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04120 Ubiquitin mediated proteolysis - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04914 Progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05166 HTLV-I infection - Homo sapiens (human)
Menu