Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0004079
UniProt IDP52907
Primary gene name(s)CAPZA1
Synonym gene name(s)unknown
Protein nameF-actin-capping protein subunit alpha-1
Protein functionF-actin-capping proteins bind in a Ca(2+-independent manner to the fast growing ends of actin filaments, barbed end thereby blocking the exchange of subunits at these ends. Unlike other capping proteins, such as gelsolin and severin, these proteins do not sever actin filaments.
Subcellular locationCytoplasm, cytoskeleton {ECO:0000250}.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: P52907
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
barbed-end actin filament capping [GO:0051016];
blood coagulation [GO:0007596];
innate immune response [GO:0045087];
movement of cell or subcellular component [GO:0006928];
protein complex assembly [GO:0006461]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
actin binding [GO:0003779]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
actin cytoskeleton [GO:0015629];
cytoskeleton [GO:0005856];
cytosol [GO:0005829];
extracellular exosome [GO:0070062];
extracellular region [GO:0005576];
F-actin capping protein complex [GO:0008290];
WASH complex [GO:0071203]
Protein-protein interaction107279
Phylogenetic treeP52907
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD30.6448280130185890.05102537209877860.101525334425451
AZA vs. DISU-0.06180084338717970.8066496783611560.983438610789082
AZA vs. IL70.1942634650004710.3108651471540880.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA-0.2255559505905230.3543612269400630.724263435302009
DISU vs. CD3-0.7188278903631170.05067780189898190.109131026546465
DISU vs. IL70.2469742258937160.3266665898241520.707542937011363
DISU vs. SAHA-0.1629676097542210.5752713479420720.862382687304444
DMSO vs. AZA-0.1401147243383070.4011451867527941
DMSO vs. CD3-0.7941415537987290.01419392044281110.0335106427630386
DMSO vs. DISU-0.07970058344783180.743411607305430.969179039562928
DMSO vs. IL70.3413888125705870.05713966150748130.466367296819318
DMSO vs. SAHA-0.09304094489295150.6924291047380060.905946613204834
HIV vs. Mock in Activation-0.1045237274218850.8669226230911430.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency0.1605320425548110.3296105121972490.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD3-0.4422216879413590.1706199279707990.286122263869788
SAHA vs. CD3-0.894895045783240.01270396510437340.0313439348596771
SAHA vs. IL7-0.423296500981260.08226520616336920.255472953792053
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
-0.4853 0.0194

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) unknown
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK -0.131812 0.396146
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
1.045 0.939 1.037 1.045 0.911
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
208374_s_at 1.54 No upregulated in CD8+ cells

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

PDB Accession Method Resolution Chain Structure Preview
1MQ1 NMR - C/D=265-276.
1MWN NMR - X/Y=265-276.

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

HIV Partner Interaction Type PubMed
Vpr upregulates 23874603

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
hsa04144 Endocytosis - Homo sapiens (human)