Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0003614
UniProt IDQ86UL3
Primary gene name(s)GPAT4
Synonym gene name(s)AGPAT6
Protein nameGlycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase 4
Protein functionEsterifies acyl-group from acyl-ACP to the sn-1 position of glycerol-3-phosphate, an essential step in glycerolipid biosynthesis. Active against both saturated and unsaturated long-chain fatty acyl-CoAs. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:18238778}.
Subcellular locationEndoplasmic reticulum membrane {ECO:0000269|PubMed:18238778};
Multi-pass membrane protein {ECO:0000269|PubMed:18238778}.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: Q86UL3
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
acyl-CoA metabolic process [GO:0006637];
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthetic process [GO:0016024];
diacylglycerol metabolic process [GO:0046339];
fatty acid metabolic process [GO:0006631];
glandular epithelial cell maturation [GO:0002071];
lactation [GO:0007595];
lipid biosynthetic process [GO:0008610];
phosphatidic acid biosynthetic process [GO:0006654];
phosphatidylcholine biosynthetic process [GO:0006656];
regulation of multicellular organism growth [GO:0040014];
triglyceride biosynthetic process [GO:0019432]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
Protein-protein interaction126493
Phylogenetic treeQ86UL3
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD30.0751091780077230.8184341871447370.876579190999882
AZA vs. DISU0.3418699069667450.1768056257535950.761911950431586
AZA vs. IL7-0.05178940887018270.7878476982476550.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA-0.03697560866334380.8795697934487910.97315727227035
DISU vs. CD30.2533015260701090.4843896469294150.611710105149697
DISU vs. IL7-0.4028978849070520.1101134828330490.434075695153658
DISU vs. SAHA-0.3764985684457730.1968125333263830.56823020876665
DMSO vs. AZA0.0621818948593450.7109067027539491
DMSO vs. CD3-0.02562037776375360.9360819960096050.955529594678914
DMSO vs. DISU-0.2818742486261020.248051635703860.767598853546516
DMSO vs. IL7-0.106600868040330.5536782955183620.89899770162441
DMSO vs. SAHA-0.1048182173631640.6566868063671480.891454409904458
HIV vs. Mock in Activation0.04890847372990230.9373014300833560.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency0.03104083833864860.8509779153096350.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD3-0.1201097679557590.708280308329870.803243479606962
SAHA vs. CD3-0.1359686666157750.7001146740124250.780263876450765
SAHA vs. IL70.01184862175771750.9612017022158420.98552268121355
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) unknown
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK 0.179246 0.207979
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
0.981 1.084 1.158 1.182 0.974
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

not found

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
hsa00561 Glycerolipid metabolism - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa00564 Glycerophospholipid metabolism - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa01100 Metabolic pathways - Homo sapiens (human)