Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0002599
UniProt IDO75880
Primary gene name(s)SCO1
Synonym gene name(s)SCOD1
Protein nameProtein SCO1 homolog, mitochondrial
Protein functionThought to play a role in cellular copper homeostasis, mitochondrial redox signaling or insertion of copper into the active site of COX. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15659396, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16735468, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17189203}.
Subcellular locationMitochondrion {ECO:0000269|PubMed:9878253}.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: O75880
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
cellular copper ion homeostasis [GO:0006878];
copper ion transport [GO:0006825];
generation of precursor metabolites and energy [GO:0006091];
mitochondrial respiratory chain complex IV assembly [GO:0033617];
negative regulation of proteasomal protein catabolic process [GO:1901799];
respiratory chain complex IV assembly [GO:0008535]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
copper ion binding [GO:0005507]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
host cell mitochondrial intermembrane space [GO:0072492];
mitochondrial inner membrane [GO:0005743];
mitochondrion [GO:0005739];
myofibril [GO:0030016]
Protein-protein interaction112245
Phylogenetic treeO75880
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD31.275333174665190.0001296883802687220.000608739728249822
AZA vs. DISU-0.2128184643035140.4047838701121980.905959666736916
AZA vs. IL70.1207916188903410.5365456274925920.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA-0.04123620068435010.8672739398866060.968869233250746
DISU vs. CD3-1.500043685985265.17635637621305e-050.000318353308914874
DISU vs. IL70.3246123942261880.201699753558590.578395241562821
DISU vs. SAHA0.1725236929297060.5566379162622320.854098701632466
DMSO vs. AZA-0.09706605689142110.571706197821281
DMSO vs. CD3-1.382614322365872.25801863842356e-050.00011950002671851
DMSO vs. DISU0.114123424706540.6432335911488910.94726363169221
DMSO vs. IL70.2251975009932970.2187031538237730.727196700070923
DMSO vs. SAHA0.04860934195031660.8384775679208920.95659403217889
HIV vs. Mock in Activation-0.03668338482556180.9530025010155450.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency-0.01249764412165620.9410249133943850.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD3-1.146589226723610.0004327736520262080.00206626457300951
SAHA vs. CD3-1.341491613941980.0001931426598905660.000857842583127271
SAHA vs. IL7-0.1657888417991340.5001323549641740.728910607747129
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) FALSE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK -0.0597313 0.745966
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
0.924 0.955 1.088 0.833 0.753
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

PDB Accession Method Resolution Chain Structure Preview
1WP0 X-ray 2.8Å A/B/C=138-301.
2GGT X-ray 2.4Å A/B=135-298.
2GQK NMR - A=132-301.
2GQL NMR - A=132-301.
2GQM NMR - A=132-301.
2GT5 NMR - A=132-301.
2GT6 NMR - A=132-301.
2GVP NMR - A=132-301.
2HRF NMR - A=132-301.
2HRN NMR - A=132-301.

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
not found