Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0002400
UniProt IDO00391
Primary gene name(s)QSOX1
Synonym gene name(s)QSCN6
Protein nameSulfhydryl oxidase 1
Protein functionCatalyzes the oxidation of sulfhydryl groups in peptide and protein thiols to disulfides with the reduction of oxygen to hydrogen peroxide. May contribute to disulfide bond formation in a variety of secreted proteins. In fibroblasts, it may have tumor-suppressing capabilities being involved in growth regulation. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10542195, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10708601, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12176051, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16806532, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17331072, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18393449}.
Subcellular locationIsoform 1: Golgi apparatus membrane;
Single-pass membrane protein.;
SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Isoform 2: Secreted, extracellular space. Note=Found in the extracellular medium of quiescent cells but is not found in proliferating cells.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: O00391
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
cell redox homeostasis [GO:0045454];
negative regulation of macroautophagy [GO:0016242];
platelet degranulation [GO:0002576]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
flavin-linked sulfhydryl oxidase activity [GO:0016971];
protein disulfide isomerase activity [GO:0003756]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
extracellular exosome [GO:0070062];
extracellular region [GO:0005576];
extracellular space [GO:0005615];
Golgi apparatus [GO:0005794];
integral component of Golgi membrane [GO:0030173];
intercellular bridge [GO:0045171];
intracellular membrane-bounded organelle [GO:0043231];
platelet alpha granule lumen [GO:0031093]
Protein-protein interaction111734
Phylogenetic treeO00391
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD30.03772378447911280.9086316624883010.941055605426276
AZA vs. DISU-0.1812303894936730.5258752933855240.940949166421897
AZA vs. IL7-0.3155458397347180.1208984800263580.884678162781109
AZA vs. SAHA0.2536333899030550.3022811023978150.674166812458329
DISU vs. CD3-0.2303319947763380.5289308843715370.650600093922199
DISU vs. IL7-0.1440022818146460.6142866109716470.882584961465922
DISU vs. SAHA0.4367188518539350.1389833878707510.478879432693208
DMSO vs. AZA-0.06479194547951860.7556344904926531
DMSO vs. CD3-0.1155412207785240.7190145535496850.795239281200059
DMSO vs. DISU0.114029694586670.6911498452641410.957954410639349
DMSO vs. IL7-0.2430761831056220.237451289234980.743226205962435
DMSO vs. SAHA0.3133114905970550.1876336461620890.522607037758056
HIV vs. Mock in Activation-0.03851532306544280.9510372146341540.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency-0.01481027328683250.9292383479850790.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD3-0.3471667953975850.2826679559180780.419108213609403
SAHA vs. CD30.192485268813830.5862526919575550.685454889269948
SAHA vs. IL70.5668693608323080.02134349214356080.104730403832043
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) TRUE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK -0.108369 0.504814
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
1.018 1.048 1.102 1.092 1.002
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

PDB Accession Method Resolution Chain Structure Preview
3LLI X-ray 2.0Å A=286-546.
3LLK X-ray 2.0Å A/B/C=286-546.
3Q6O X-ray 2.0Å A=33-272.
4IJ3 X-ray 2.7Å A=33-272.

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
not found