Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0002384
UniProt IDP28827
Primary gene name(s)PTPRM
Synonym gene name(s)PTPRL1
Protein nameReceptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase mu
Protein functionInvolved in cell-cell adhesion through homophilic interactions. May play a key role in signal transduction and growth control. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:16456543}.
Subcellular locationMembrane;
Single-pass type I membrane protein.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: P28827
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
homophilic cell adhesion via plasma membrane adhesion molecules [GO:0007156];
negative regulation of angiogenesis [GO:0016525];
negative regulation of endothelial cell migration [GO:0010596];
negative regulation of endothelial cell proliferation [GO:0001937];
neuron projection development [GO:0031175];
positive regulation of vasodilation [GO:0045909];
protein dephosphorylation [GO:0006470];
response to drug [GO:0042493];
retina layer formation [GO:0010842];
retinal ganglion cell axon guidance [GO:0031290];
signal transduction [GO:0007165]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
cadherin binding [GO:0045296];
identical protein binding [GO:0042802];
protein tyrosine phosphatase activity [GO:0004725];
transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase activity [GO:0005001]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
cell-cell adherens junction [GO:0005913];
cell-cell junction [GO:0005911];
cytoplasm [GO:0005737];
integral component of plasma membrane [GO:0005887];
lamellipodium [GO:0030027];
perinuclear region of cytoplasm [GO:0048471]
Protein-protein interaction111761
Phylogenetic treeP28827
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD3-1.19458007976360.03046700265099520.0659105302075212
AZA vs. DISU-0.1281219323087340.7588097073720430.976021571236163
AZA vs. IL7-0.1416461229987910.7312258391484130.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA0.1888051170074040.7482583665788520.930952123332784
DISU vs. CD31.057080951799160.08037363752429420.157004748218036
DISU vs. IL7-0.02618841376730790.9549075202666930.992340062930994
DISU vs. SAHA0.3200582017453810.6129928709234650.878082879999187
DMSO vs. AZA-0.05004140210474510.904295605826971
DMSO vs. CD31.147776016624830.0604114786629920.112915499510915
DMSO vs. DISU0.07939568223658090.8650179426148830.984727330050331
DMSO vs. IL7-0.08787620370014620.8497719377291950.966743035338285
DMSO vs. SAHA0.2306177152079250.7147910691592720.914948418387652
HIV vs. Mock in Activationunknownunknownunknown
HIV vs. Mock in Latency1.158499088590892.3891372769036e-089.0034638280112e-06
IL7 vs. CD31.058303469282260.06906093006715550.142071161307798
SAHA vs. CD31.375426562331350.05192243083432520.102176943415158
SAHA vs. IL70.3319266026748140.5897089063344460.791003394861061
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
0.4083 0.03149

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) TRUE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK -0.886728 0.000305467
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
203329_at 1.85 No downregulated in CD8+ cells

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

PDB Accession Method Resolution Chain Structure Preview
1RPM X-ray 2.3Å A/B=879-1156.
2C9A X-ray 2.7Å A=21-279.
2V5Y X-ray 3.1Å A=21-742.

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
hsa04514 Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04520 Adherens junction - Homo sapiens (human)