Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0002246
UniProt IDP54098
Primary gene name(s)POLG
Synonym gene name(s)MDP1, POLG1, POLGA
Protein nameDNA polymerase subunit gamma-1
Protein functionInvolved in the replication of mitochondrial DNA. Associates with mitochondrial DNA.
Subcellular locationMitochondrion {ECO:0000269|PubMed:18063578}. Mitochondrion matrix, mitochondrion nucleoid {ECO:0000269|PubMed:18063578}.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: P54098
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
aging [GO:0007568];
base-excision repair, gap-filling [GO:0006287];
cellular response to glucose stimulus [GO:0071333];
DNA-dependent DNA replication [GO:0006261];
DNA metabolic process [GO:0006259];
mitochondrial DNA replication [GO:0006264];
response to gamma radiation [GO:0010332];
response to hyperoxia [GO:0055093];
response to light stimulus [GO:0009416]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
3'-5' exonuclease activity [GO:0008408];
chromatin binding [GO:0003682];
DNA binding [GO:0003677];
DNA-directed DNA polymerase activity [GO:0003887];
protease binding [GO:0002020]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
extracellular exosome [GO:0070062];
gamma DNA polymerase complex [GO:0005760];
mitochondrial nucleoid [GO:0042645];
mitochondrion [GO:0005739];
protein complex [GO:0043234];
terminal bouton [GO:0043195]
Protein-protein interaction111424
Phylogenetic treeP54098
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD3-0.03511978599342910.9146429923592350.944420264482517
AZA vs. DISU0.1904319795640610.4512726540125130.919751755892999
AZA vs. IL7-0.03856969059199750.8407397690587120.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA-0.2993042923659490.2197000939754670.588021914426031
DISU vs. CD30.21293034493870.5586915793570230.67693247063964
DISU vs. IL7-0.2386750971328330.3430664034936160.723925816442646
DISU vs. SAHA-0.4868590333331920.09508661714012880.393803354470701
DMSO vs. AZA0.06110839988889370.7152995090852891
DMSO vs. CD30.08574575919285670.7887929681681830.850784806920338
DMSO vs. DISU-0.1308707848115130.5913296897161110.936117363978904
DMSO vs. IL7-0.09242338765020230.6066233942322060.913571195609442
DMSO vs. SAHA-0.3656732726036860.1208568451821410.41433883388081
HIV vs. Mock in Activation0.2073620433414380.7387319686172880.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency0.1360671368230280.4090420695325750.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD30.001705469284438190.9957705593165720.997226074053464
SAHA vs. CD3-0.2869098240260620.4180357095182240.53271269485853
SAHA vs. IL7-0.2628390601454670.2800981301905630.527445248531236
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) FALSE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK -0.152297 0.340598
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
0.963 1.008 0.95 0.787 1.016
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

PDB Accession Method Resolution Chain Structure Preview
3IKM X-ray 3.2Å A/D=70-1239.
4ZTU X-ray 3.3Å A=30-1239.
4ZTZ X-ray 3.4Å A=30-1239.
5C51 X-ray 3.4Å A=25-1239.
5C52 X-ray 3.6Å A=25-1239.
5C53 X-ray 3.5Å A=25-1239.

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
hsa01100 Metabolic pathways - Homo sapiens (human)