Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0002107
UniProt IDQ15154
Primary gene name(s)PCM1
Synonym gene name(s)unknown
Protein namePericentriolar material 1 protein
Protein functionRequired for centrosome assembly and function. Essential for the correct localization of several centrosomal proteins including CEP250, CETN3, PCNT and NEK2. Required to anchor microtubules to the centrosome. Involved in the biogenesis of cilia. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:12403812, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15659651, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16943179, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20551181, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24121310}.
Subcellular locationCytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome {ECO:0000269|PubMed:20719959}. Cytoplasmic granule {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15107855}. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome, centriolar satellite {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15107855, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20719959}. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, cilium basal body {ECO:0000269|PubMed:24121310}. Note=Recruitment to the centrosome requires microtubules and dynein. The majority of the protein dissociates from the centrosome during metaphase and subsequently localizes to the cleavage site in telophase. Displaced from centriolar satellites and centrosome in response to cellular stress, such as ultraviolet light, UV radiation or heat shock, in a process that requires p38 MAP kinase signaling.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: Q15154
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
centrosome organization [GO:0051297];
cilium assembly [GO:0060271];
cytoplasmic microtubule organization [GO:0031122];
G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycle [GO:0000086];
interkinetic nuclear migration [GO:0022027];
intraciliary transport involved in cilium assembly [GO:0035735];
microtubule anchoring [GO:0034453];
microtubule anchoring at centrosome [GO:0034454];
negative regulation of neurogenesis [GO:0050768];
neuronal stem cell population maintenance [GO:0097150];
neuron migration [GO:0001764];
non-motile cilium assembly [GO:1905515];
positive regulation of intracellular protein transport [GO:0090316];
protein localization to centrosome [GO:0071539];
social behavior [GO:0035176]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
identical protein binding [GO:0042802]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
centriolar satellite [GO:0034451];
centriole [GO:0005814];
centrosome [GO:0005813];
ciliary basal body [GO:0036064];
cytoplasm [GO:0005737];
cytosol [GO:0005829];
membrane [GO:0016020];
nuclear membrane [GO:0031965];
pericentriolar material [GO:0000242];
protein complex [GO:0043234]
Protein-protein interaction111139
Phylogenetic treeQ15154
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD3-0.2881577811428940.3797377086900090.501228432703501
AZA vs. DISU0.0286442967432580.9098060065593420.994271142470137
AZA vs. IL7-0.06206177262849840.7463385790436410.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA0.09332398868826250.7017707451855130.915813688241787
DISU vs. CD30.3043556994711030.4007361094499770.534145738437587
DISU vs. IL7-0.09953643362683560.6925193279620170.919962008197692
DISU vs. SAHA0.06502360842725180.8238951839817390.954773035146986
DMSO vs. AZA-0.08483760296939320.6116949087036761
DMSO vs. CD30.192331546035370.5481203002491640.652245839119562
DMSO vs. DISU-0.1152897135571810.6364988750957330.946229564999022
DMSO vs. IL70.02995123086835090.8674382164863740.970724601999264
DMSO vs. SAHA0.1702710265340910.4697994567461460.795455298575572
HIV vs. Mock in Activation-0.1147093302910210.8540024986226020.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency0.07422265453712440.6518911541534780.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD30.2350014823808070.4646861175447760.597068779281596
SAHA vs. CD30.3554820954078220.3173694200830640.432163834883146
SAHA vs. IL70.1509351316211370.5353442824802330.75418500613916
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) FALSE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK -0.26177 0.103798
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
0.976 0.916 0.764 0.757 0.878
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

not found

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
not found