Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0001869
UniProt IDQ9NVV4
Primary gene name(s)MTPAP
Synonym gene name(s)PAPD1
Protein namePoly(A RNA polymerase, mitochondrial
Protein functionPolymerase that creates the 3' poly(A tail of mitochondrial transcripts. Can use all four nucleotides, but has higher activity with ATP and UTP, in vitro. Plays a role in replication-dependent histone mRNA degradation. May be involved in the terminal uridylation of mature histone mRNAs before their degradation is initiated. Might be responsible for the creation of some UAA stop codons which are not encoded in mtDNA. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15547249, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15769737, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18172165, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20970105, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21292163}.
Subcellular locationCytoplasm {ECO:0000269|PubMed:18172165}. Mitochondrion {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15547249, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15769737}.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: Q9NVV4
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
histone mRNA catabolic process [GO:0071044];
mRNA polyadenylation [GO:0006378];
transcription, DNA-templated [GO:0006351]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
ATP binding [GO:0005524];
identical protein binding [GO:0042802];
magnesium ion binding [GO:0000287];
manganese ion binding [GO:0030145];
poly(A RNA binding [GO:0044822];
polynucleotide adenylyltransferase activity [GO:0004652];
protein homodimerization activity [GO:0042803];
UTP binding [GO:0002134]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
intracellular membrane-bounded organelle [GO:0043231];
mitochondrion [GO:0005739]
Protein-protein interaction120452
Phylogenetic treeQ9NVV4
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD31.802404053091019.52349858973633e-089.23371579679364e-07
AZA vs. DISU-0.0957833739243160.7079451394878610.972529393296275
AZA vs. IL70.2530769915670030.1953228260257350.958003422925385
AZA vs. SAHA-0.3396918371657530.1701790801591460.526427140225521
DISU vs. CD3-1.911479167259343.57371665260509e-073.83964396445966e-06
DISU vs. IL70.3402842914338090.1807360181501150.550628090812541
DISU vs. SAHA-0.2426255498844520.408778129923290.765248644640402
DMSO vs. AZA-0.1097743782991480.5228248040666341
DMSO vs. CD3-1.922536786407146.42841113673853e-097.12088336580632e-08
DMSO vs. DISU-0.01531645118627520.950456195699670.993311853655599
DMSO vs. IL70.3699724757635620.04332368922073460.42030862813275
DMSO vs. SAHA-0.2370357911445280.3213863119530430.674754220549266
HIV vs. Mock in Activation-0.02608474088420450.9665488980254780.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency-0.0069273670832030.9672437193145060.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD3-1.541360566507342.77345112464911e-062.43330784643981e-05
SAHA vs. CD3-2.1670313209344.45148262695483e-096.41336932965672e-08
SAHA vs. IL7-0.5965675807644180.01570663202523160.0860421934821587
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) FALSE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK 0.156352 0.494092
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
0.998 0.998 0.955 0.88 0.901
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

PDB Accession Method Resolution Chain Structure Preview
3PQ1 X-ray 3.1Å A/B=44-134# A/B=172-452# A/B=490-538.

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
not found