Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0001289
UniProt IDP16403
Primary gene name(s)HIST1H1C
Synonym gene name(s)H1F2
Protein nameHistone H1.2
Protein functionHistone H1 protein binds to linker DNA between nucleosomes forming the macromolecular structure known as the chromatin fiber. Histones H1 are necessary for the condensation of nucleosome chains into higher-order structured fibers. Acts also as a regulator of individual gene transcription through chromatin remodeling, nucleosome spacing and DNA methylation, By similarity. {ECO:0000250}.
Subcellular locationNucleus. Chromosome. Note=Mainly localizes in euchromatin. Distribution goes in parallel with DNA concentration.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: P16403
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
histone H3-K27 trimethylation [GO:0098532];
histone H3-K4 trimethylation [GO:0080182];
negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter [GO:0000122];
nucleosome assembly [GO:0006334];
nucleosome positioning [GO:0016584]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
chromatin DNA binding [GO:0031490];
poly(A RNA binding [GO:0044822]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
nuclear euchromatin [GO:0005719];
nucleosome [GO:0000786];
nucleus [GO:0005634];
transcriptionally active chromatin [GO:0035327]
Protein-protein interaction109261
Phylogenetic treeP16403
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD30.7523805335976420.1028806215599670.180115777459847
AZA vs. DISU0.1083169651635830.6919577778049760.968313969505284
AZA vs. IL7-0.08287563601919830.7904911833071150.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA1.662540926001250.006856162069374450.0759043075560973
DISU vs. CD3-0.6556802396358060.1928109994342250.310019520583628
DISU vs. IL7-0.2000267101588760.580526850543490.867436479753712
DISU vs. SAHA1.553777223266160.01407794834883010.129687505846711
DMSO vs. AZA-0.1785933357187620.4294595691694351
DMSO vs. CD3-0.9475631479889420.05253533467685290.100429498148587
DMSO vs. DISU-0.2901791646062680.3188098153985530.822006745975451
DMSO vs. IL70.1028595696742030.7687108597650210.952679686167709
DMSO vs. SAHA1.833334419419960.003827270521543410.0458147688881499
HIV vs. Mock in Activation-1.012714216213240.1577591695904320.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency-0.9362091256031345.88291069081315e-070.000136429224235873
IL7 vs. CD3-0.8201472342977020.1266501694391190.227243898434191
SAHA vs. CD30.8806383247238940.2500517978844020.359294488378903
SAHA vs. IL71.737201255073290.008695883935330160.0567945209883739
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) FALSE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK -0.394183 0.0017721
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
1.125 1.08 1.073 1.135 1.213
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

not found

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

HIV Partner Interaction Type PubMed
Pr55(Gag) incorporates 25631074
Tat downregulates 21425800

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
not found