Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0001213
UniProt IDQ86YR5
Primary gene name(s)GPSM1
Synonym gene name(s)AGS3
Protein nameG-protein-signaling modulator 1
Protein functionGuanine nucleotide dissociation inhibitor, GDI which functions as a receptor-independent activator of heterotrimeric G-protein signaling. Keeps G(i/o alpha subunit in its GDP-bound form thus uncoupling heterotrimeric G-proteins signaling from G protein-coupled receptors. Controls spindle orientation and asymmetric cell fate of cerebral cortical progenitors. May also be involved in macroautophagy in intestinal cells. May play a role in drug addiction. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11024022, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12642577}.
Subcellular locationCytoplasm, cytosol. Endoplasmic reticulum membrane;
Peripheral membrane protein;
Cytoplasmic side. Golgi apparatus membrane;
Peripheral membrane protein;
Cytoplasmic side. Cell membrane;
Peripheral membrane protein;
Cytoplasmic side.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: Q86YR5
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
cell differentiation [GO:0030154];
nervous system development [GO:0007399];
regulation of G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway [GO:0008277]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
GDP-dissociation inhibitor activity [GO:0005092]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
cytosol [GO:0005829];
endoplasmic reticulum membrane [GO:0005789];
Golgi membrane [GO:0000139];
plasma membrane [GO:0005886]
Protein-protein interaction117539
Phylogenetic treeQ86YR5
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD31.828045575211050.0006361185743845030.0024445637820304
AZA vs. DISU-0.1384339473881590.6450522620701080.960057478314726
AZA vs. IL70.06860888862870130.8231504268734780.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA0.1588584423685020.5398653046671060.843006174526557
DISU vs. CD3-1.979153951107390.0002219896632181810.00113394516548657
DISU vs. IL70.1976577928730160.4964207216759450.824117650015759
DISU vs. SAHA0.3005372802492720.308505537645650.692259502858335
DMSO vs. AZA0.00354829768477650.9893105416914261
DMSO vs. CD3-1.835117199009680.000329821430032240.00129092227680844
DMSO vs. DISU0.1405071531415290.5765072008229090.931685095592626
DMSO vs. IL70.07275536740412110.7778387292791310.954134798137059
DMSO vs. SAHA0.1502263426290930.5328615468740660.829795037501451
HIV vs. Mock in Activation0.2654477347247480.7943194829211680.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency-0.03309983378315070.8477016427450030.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD3-1.755750837179920.0008442378894318870.00367249573085334
SAHA vs. CD3-1.692558879826020.0007665756343229190.00284724696222017
SAHA vs. IL70.08700511817010070.7257625506198740.8746931644458
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
0.5652 0.04998

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) TRUE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK -0.497149 0.0152184
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

not found

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
hsa05030 Cocaine addiction - Homo sapiens (human)