Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0001159
UniProt IDQ14691
Primary gene name(s)GINS1
Synonym gene name(s)KIAA0186, PSF1
Protein nameDNA replication complex GINS protein PSF1
Protein functionThe GINS complex plays an essential role in the initiation of DNA replication, and progression of DNA replication forks. GINS complex seems to bind preferentially to single-stranded DNA. GINS1 is essential for function. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:17417653}.
Subcellular locationNucleus {ECO:0000250}.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: Q14691
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
DNA strand elongation involved in DNA replication [GO:0006271];
DNA strand elongation involved in mitotic DNA replication [GO:1902983];
inner cell mass cell proliferation [GO:0001833]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
3'-5' DNA helicase activity [GO:0043138]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
cytoplasm [GO:0005737];
GINS complex [GO:0000811];
nucleoplasm [GO:0005654];
nucleus [GO:0005634]
Protein-protein interaction115174
Phylogenetic treeQ14691
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD32.886123584749530.001142120696690170.00408391214916591
AZA vs. DISU-0.1145704498213520.7312760065946010.974560663114398
AZA vs. IL70.8942655509118080.01556679149175330.413095507315489
AZA vs. SAHA0.310271999077640.2359095726986410.60736138323814
DISU vs. CD3-3.017259939519790.0008090320333138390.00345183947641461
DISU vs. IL71.002602859632410.02913955922298270.22018990239923
DISU vs. SAHA0.4261807078288450.1717524286114560.535015214142736
DMSO vs. AZA0.04378579835854620.8221683167367311
DMSO vs. CD3-2.849989677057350.001373898512498690.00451226969496247
DMSO vs. DISU0.1587713733390170.6131872318246070.939289650701039
DMSO vs. IL70.8543896585558230.01548166011365360.259895352130655
DMSO vs. SAHA0.2579412227403610.3057052464334210.65827172125428
HIV vs. Mock in Activation-0.1482694085448620.9296079539742770.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency0.0742408846617870.7080376009984490.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD3-1.983772669591920.02536443651192130.0633606482506116
SAHA vs. CD3-2.598657737763830.003333624545188480.0100495542900561
SAHA vs. IL7-0.5860944346893540.09559929016995050.280073729253912
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) FALSE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK 0.768851 0.000305467
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
0.97 0.966 0.852 0.846 0.971
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

PDB Accession Method Resolution Chain Structure Preview
2E9X X-ray 2.3Å A/E=1-149.
2EHO X-ray 3.0Å B/F/J=1-151.
2Q9Q X-ray 2.3Å C/G=1-196.

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
not found