Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0001098
UniProt IDQ08050
Primary gene name(s)FOXM1
Synonym gene name(s)FKHL16, HFH11, MPP2, WIN
Protein nameForkhead box protein M1
Protein functionTranscriptional factor regulating the expression of cell cycle genes essential for DNA replication and mitosis. Plays a role in the control of cell proliferation. Plays also a role in DNA breaks repair participating in the DNA damage checkpoint response. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:17101782, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19160488, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20360045}.
Subcellular locationNucleus.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: Q08050
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
cell cycle [GO:0007049];
DNA damage response, signal transduction by p53 class mediator resulting in transcription of p21 class mediator [GO:0006978];
DNA repair [GO:0006281];
G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycle [GO:0000086];
negative regulation of cell aging [GO:0090344];
negative regulation of stress-activated MAPK cascade [GO:0032873];
negative regulation of transcription, DNA-templated [GO:0045892];
negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter [GO:0000122];
positive regulation of cell proliferation [GO:0008284];
positive regulation of double-strand break repair [GO:2000781];
positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated [GO:0045893];
positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter [GO:0045944];
regulation of cell cycle [GO:0051726];
regulation of cell cycle arrest [GO:0071156];
regulation of cell growth [GO:0001558];
regulation of cell proliferation [GO:0042127];
regulation of Ras protein signal transduction [GO:0046578];
regulation of reactive oxygen species metabolic process [GO:2000377];
transcription, DNA-templated [GO:0006351];
transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter [GO:0006366]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
DNA binding [GO:0003677];
protein kinase binding [GO:0019901];
RNA polymerase II transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding [GO:0000981];
sequence-specific DNA binding [GO:0043565];
transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding [GO:0003700]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
cytoplasm [GO:0005737];
nucleoplasm [GO:0005654];
nucleus [GO:0005634]
Protein-protein interaction108594
Phylogenetic treeQ08050
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD30.1596564194305130.88873380053150.927374400554608
AZA vs. DISU-0.135522906627870.7480579964631270.976008954784031
AZA vs. IL70.02674590935721470.9532199406856120.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA-0.7611137594567790.1478254433501770.489525644345469
DISU vs. CD3-0.3068195771333470.7885350300704890.854458848629326
DISU vs. IL70.1529331659332820.674036998644260.91090012408541
DISU vs. SAHA-0.624982257809490.1640100394921890.523194532863751
DMSO vs. AZA0.04258961967572960.9309128930944651
DMSO vs. CD3-0.130582353557460.9091187652502480.937700378989154
DMSO vs. DISU0.1749043292744650.6649742495698230.952876446763015
DMSO vs. IL7-0.007735604972402350.9860097490096850.998499429186965
DMSO vs. SAHA-0.8111845252459130.1133643454878930.400026703546719
HIV vs. Mock in Activation0.1376654638879820.9467700687161930.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency0.1039751131430050.6914310751461320.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD3-0.1241560928356750.9133167140398220.945236393210811
SAHA vs. CD3-0.9483045008805250.4095316925122250.525335598072798
SAHA vs. IL7-0.7920815447003050.09966264237482410.286575203295916
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) FALSE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK 0.509247 0.00132191
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

PDB Accession Method Resolution Chain Structure Preview
3G73 X-ray 2.2Å A/B=222-360.

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

HIV Partner Interaction Type PubMed
Vpr downregulates 23728617

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
not found