Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0001050
UniProt IDQ96K12
Primary gene name(s)FAR2
Synonym gene name(s)MLSTD1
Protein nameFatty acyl-CoA reductase 2
Protein functionCatalyzes the reduction of fatty acyl-CoA to fatty alcohols. The preferred substrates are C16, C18, C18:1 and C18:2 but low activity can be observed with C10-C14 substrates. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15220348}.
Subcellular locationPeroxisome membrane {ECO:0000305};
Multi-pass membrane protein {ECO:0000305}. Endoplasmic reticulum membrane {ECO:0000305};
Multi-pass membrane protein {ECO:0000305}. Note=Peroxisome in cells expressing low levels of the protein. Peroxisome and endoplasmic reticulum in cells expressing high levels of the protein.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: Q96K12
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
lipid metabolic process [GO:0006629];
long-chain fatty-acyl-CoA metabolic process [GO:0035336];
wax biosynthetic process [GO:0010025]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
fatty-acyl-CoA reductase, alcohol-forming activity [GO:0080019];
long-chain-fatty-acyl-CoA reductase activity [GO:0050062];
oxidoreductase activity [GO:0016491]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
endoplasmic reticulum membrane [GO:0005789];
integral component of membrane [GO:0016021];
peroxisomal matrix [GO:0005782];
peroxisomal membrane [GO:0005778];
peroxisome [GO:0005777]
Protein-protein interaction120834
Phylogenetic treeQ96K12
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD30.0007546085701494560.9983613129354620.998686942346463
AZA vs. DISU-0.08853553661829880.735288274213980.974560663114398
AZA vs. IL70.5622410457764230.005722483081187280.235669364706929
AZA vs. SAHA-0.3909281195059120.2580391855252020.630623003016682
DISU vs. CD3-0.09998302822228460.7911975964725170.856217528060801
DISU vs. IL70.6402718985346690.01405995380206550.144876147345275
DISU vs. SAHA-0.3012699555964010.400210973055490.760219255724639
DMSO vs. AZA-0.08512533598363290.640656344352361
DMSO vs. CD3-0.09013626387549680.8245733864644050.877583756064024
DMSO vs. DISU0.002992801557467260.9905493845439920.99806609310612
DMSO vs. IL70.6531853591012890.007090972574321010.175293161162885
DMSO vs. SAHA-0.3144639258139580.4096557138554850.750811293143137
HIV vs. Mock in Activation0.2915016429616250.7197006220906470.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency0.2073414679075880.3171725567837530.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD30.5687155571123220.1543359086824970.264924854979077
SAHA vs. CD3-0.4161734747913220.3895356651594710.506041525999658
SAHA vs. IL7-0.9566986054149860.01168856138743670.0696967461844227
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) FALSE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK 0.0271626 0.905867
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
0.035 0.002

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
1.003 0.9 0.491 0.551 1.014
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
220615_s_at 2.9 No upregulated in CD8+ cells

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

not found

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
hsa04146 Peroxisome - Homo sapiens (human)