Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0000935
UniProt IDO60841
Primary gene name(s)EIF5B
Synonym gene name(s)IF2, KIAA0741
Protein nameEukaryotic translation initiation factor 5B
Protein functionPlays a role in translation initiation. Translational GTPase that catalyzes the joining of the 40S and 60S subunits to form the 80S initiation complex with the initiator methionine-tRNA in the P-site base paired to the start codon. GTP binding and hydrolysis induces conformational changes in the enzyme that renders it active for productive interactions with the ribosome. The release of the enzyme after formation of the initiation complex is a prerequisite to form elongation-competent ribosomes. {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P39730}.
Subcellular locationCytoplasm {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q05D44}.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: O60841
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
regulation of translational initiation [GO:0006446]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
GTPase activity [GO:0003924];
GTP binding [GO:0005525];
metal ion binding [GO:0046872];
poly(A RNA binding [GO:0044822];
translation initiation factor activity [GO:0003743]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
cytoplasm [GO:0005737];
cytosol [GO:0005829]
Protein-protein interaction115024
Phylogenetic treeO60841
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD31.758935953242661.70482901240554e-071.55728381060462e-06
AZA vs. DISU-0.2721029433533980.2817775214620420.851448190328572
AZA vs. IL70.3288632762347780.09096829365076120.818499940102868
AZA vs. SAHA0.1978501556578690.4185564201818360.773260458856321
DISU vs. CD3-2.042982502702965.45989102818112e-087.15673020511323e-07
DISU vs. IL70.5922860198727680.01895326885438350.171976610930305
DISU vs. SAHA0.4704127091995710.1082774969242420.422649613091233
DMSO vs. AZA-0.1953832803333250.2430273360708411
DMSO vs. CD3-1.963816025177382.890772288211e-093.42909326944084e-08
DMSO vs. DISU0.07564775816191880.7563168224870610.969857060964769
DMSO vs. IL70.5310751958658630.006261341375843670.163871043820908
DMSO vs. SAHA0.3850590390268060.1098762299607410.393121021645859
HIV vs. Mock in Activation-0.1742650910599360.7791123717820680.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency-0.1129539516683580.4939934637694230.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD3-1.421187553310481.3707403382468e-050.000101980104236891
SAHA vs. CD3-1.586920306725661.19730325485179e-057.33469920756767e-05
SAHA vs. IL7-0.1345980022405980.6262363057377180.813993797765832
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) FALSE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK 0.22844 0.266763
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
0.975 1.001 0.938 0.886 0.932
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

not found

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

HIV Partner Interaction Type PubMed
matrix inhibits 10432305
matrix binds 10432305
Pr55(Gag) interacts with 26362536

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
hsa03013 RNA transport - Homo sapiens (human)