Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0000864
UniProt IDQ01658
Primary gene name(s)DR1
Synonym gene name(s)unknown
Protein nameProtein Dr1
Protein functionThe association of the DR1/DRAP1 heterodimer with TBP results in a functional repression of both activated and basal transcription of class II genes. This interaction precludes the formation of a transcription-competent complex by inhibiting the association of TFIIA and/or TFIIB with TBP. Can bind to DNA on its own. Component of the ATAC complex, a complex with histone acetyltransferase activity on histones H3 and H4. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:19103755, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8670811}.
Subcellular locationNucleus.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: Q01658
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
histone H3 acetylation [GO:0043966];
negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter [GO:0000122];
transcription, DNA-templated [GO:0006351]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
DNA binding [GO:0003677];
TBP-class protein binding [GO:0017025];
transcription corepressor activity [GO:0003714];
transcription factor binding [GO:0008134]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
Ada2/Gcn5/Ada3 transcription activator complex [GO:0005671];
nucleus [GO:0005634]
Protein-protein interaction108144
Phylogenetic treeQ01658
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD30.2091544031692250.5229483041047360.638053658177494
AZA vs. DISU-0.03533689806588620.8889978127396080.993090807006372
AZA vs. IL70.0698740036590690.7160801074591870.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA-0.09799487837021760.6877598670257530.910108905078662
DISU vs. CD3-0.256234027129560.4792922652912960.606518771574966
DISU vs. IL70.0962647504411270.7022633735793710.923741138299926
DISU vs. SAHA-0.06229412559044530.8312455698339830.956295762245554
DMSO vs. AZA-0.1691863056778290.3124089436829421
DMSO vs. CD3-0.3875876362042450.2257571822879390.329206461249424
DMSO vs. DISU-0.1351640765362980.579844860443990.932467317571925
DMSO vs. IL70.2461129616611220.1710200497618790.681863858809924
DMSO vs. SAHA0.06323916201852480.7884941532698460.939993306749711
HIV vs. Mock in Activation0.01316837762250320.9831219422735740.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency0.03334955691756060.8398975414608150.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD3-0.1308422202374030.6834084504422460.784241764257021
SAHA vs. CD3-0.3325401455367010.3476842292336080.46376361608696
SAHA vs. IL7-0.1719808622999550.4804062439500950.713040933566732
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) FALSE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK 1.34231 0.000305467
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
1.004 0.973 1.003 1.048 1.03
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

PDB Accession Method Resolution Chain Structure Preview
1JFI X-ray 2.6Å B=1-176.

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

HIV Partner Interaction Type PubMed
Tat inhibits 8764062

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
not found