Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0000796
UniProt IDQ9P202
Primary gene name(s)WHRN
Synonym gene name(s)DFNB31, KIAA1526
Protein nameWhirlin
Protein functionNecessary for elongation and maintenance of inner and outer hair cell stereocilia in the organ of Corti in the inner ear. {ECO:0000250}.
Subcellular locationCytoplasm {ECO:0000250}. Cell projection, stereocilium {ECO:0000250}. Cell projection, growth cone {ECO:0000250}. Note=Detected at the level of stereocilia in inner outer hair cells of the cochlea and vestibule. Colocalizes with the growing ends of actin filaments, By similarity. Colocalizes with MPP1 in the retina, at the outer limiting membrane, OLM, outer plexifirm layer, OPL, basal bodies and at the connecting cilium, CC. {ECO:0000250, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17584769}.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: Q9P202
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
inner ear receptor stereocilium organization [GO:0060122];
retina homeostasis [GO:0001895];
sensory perception of light stimulus [GO:0050953];
sensory perception of sound [GO:0007605]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
cytoplasm [GO:0005737];
growth cone [GO:0030426];
stereocilium [GO:0032420]
Protein-protein interaction117381
Phylogenetic treeQ9P202
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD32.909807211377113.33066907387547e-151.17840010050355e-13
AZA vs. DISU1.405730939111363.38514313336091e-060.00118668947889029
AZA vs. IL7unknownunknownunknown
AZA vs. SAHA2.067720376980660.0003467570783315390.00978841984788318
DISU vs. CD3-1.523904304362527.32363412598858e-050.00043235736899138
DISU vs. IL7-1.941121496816793.0403868311879e-101.30953804229022e-07
DISU vs. SAHA0.672554565456490.2598444584281510.637284919930131
DMSO vs. AZAunknownunknownunknown
DMSO vs. CD3-2.946086138509742.22044604925031e-168.06048668239903e-15
DMSO vs. DISU-1.423157052031031.0525144957807e-060.000377652225033694
DMSO vs. IL7unknownunknownunknown
DMSO vs. SAHA2.084911788871480.0002643767699312960.00703961537037908
HIV vs. Mock in Activation0.6701520606560870.2907623770299460.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency0.4989284108772120.2264304040008250.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD3-3.4511730019794700
SAHA vs. CD3-0.86565122505620.1351863160908070.221682022142379
SAHA vs. IL72.625703092294811.5175058109107e-050.000429978996121577
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) TRUE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK -0.235955 0.478441
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

PDB Accession Method Resolution Chain Structure Preview
1UEZ NMR - A=137-224.
1UF1 NMR - A=263-378.
1UFX NMR - A=815-904.

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
not found