Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0000671
UniProt IDQ9ULV4
Primary gene name(s)CORO1C
Synonym gene name(s)CRN2, CRNN4
Protein nameCoronin-1C
Protein functionMay be involved in cytokinesis, motility, and signal transduction. {ECO:0000250}.; FUNCTION: Isoform 3: Involved in myogenic differentiation.
Subcellular locationCell membrane {ECO:0000269|PubMed:12377779}. Cell projection, lamellipodium {ECO:0000269|PubMed:12377779}. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton {ECO:0000269|PubMed:12377779}. Note=All isoforms localize in a diffuse and punctate pattern in the cytosol and are highly enriched in F-actin-rich areas. Isoform 3 colocalizes with the thin filaments of the sarcomere and with the postsynaptic area and the junctional sarcoplasm of motor end plates.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: Q9ULV4
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
actin cytoskeleton organization [GO:0030036];
activation of GTPase activity [GO:0090630];
establishment of protein localization [GO:0045184];
negative regulation of epithelial cell migration [GO:0010633];
negative regulation of focal adhesion assembly [GO:0051895];
negative regulation of protein kinase activity by regulation of protein phosphorylation [GO:0044387];
negative regulation of protein phosphorylation [GO:0001933];
negative regulation of substrate adhesion-dependent cell spreading [GO:1900025];
neural crest cell migration [GO:0001755];
phagocytosis [GO:0006909];
positive regulation of lamellipodium morphogenesis [GO:2000394];
regulation of epithelial cell migration [GO:0010632];
regulation of fibroblast migration [GO:0010762];
regulation of focal adhesion assembly [GO:0051893];
regulation of protein phosphorylation [GO:0001932];
regulation of ruffle assembly [GO:1900027];
regulation of substrate adhesion-dependent cell spreading [GO:1900024];
signal transduction [GO:0007165]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
actin filament binding [GO:0051015]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
actin cytoskeleton [GO:0015629];
cytoplasm [GO:0005737];
flotillin complex [GO:0016600];
focal adhesion [GO:0005925];
lamellipodium [GO:0030027];
lateral plasma membrane [GO:0016328]
Protein-protein interaction117136
Phylogenetic treeQ9ULV4
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD30.9262209455264870.006573748979872280.0182601446046139
AZA vs. DISU0.2047986246914770.5434331353964250.94388010296314
AZA vs. IL7-0.01096242463455230.972681239293110.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA0.9460387728638140.005277813489989350.0645237311825624
DISU vs. CD3-0.7354075924937830.04775007967727610.104120454369342
DISU vs. IL7-0.2247910689629360.3751596701053680.747068936683443
DISU vs. SAHA0.7421344973141720.01281920369631980.121738008133104
DMSO vs. AZA-0.0130908585261470.9721800163314681
DMSO vs. CD3-0.9535047319414360.004097150435110610.0115934581714766
DMSO vs. DISU-0.2208502025273090.4763430270290680.899222023966937
DMSO vs. IL70.01003104548261960.9726660372000820.994991083010095
DMSO vs. SAHA0.9522770122987510.002204818936673460.0312594790165623
HIV vs. Mock in Activation0.09053884402898790.8843760898585590.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency-0.1647778850572830.5773687119498140.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD3-0.9294603046089140.004868879729119870.0163887057072407
SAHA vs. CD3-0.006542162274815020.9852275180903390.989957240806868
SAHA vs. IL70.9530621063909140.0001407663218583320.00255344348458784
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) FALSE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK 0.0922319 0.567109
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
1.023 0.974 1.153 1.239 1.121
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

not found

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
not found