Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0000552
UniProt IDQ5VT25
Primary gene name(s)CDC42BPA
Synonym gene name(s)KIAA0451
Protein nameSerine/threonine-protein kinase MRCK alpha
Protein functionSerine/threonine-protein kinase which is an important downstream effector of CDC42 and plays a role in the regulation of cytoskeleton reorganization and cell migration. Regulates actin cytoskeletal reorganization via phosphorylation of PPP1R12C and MYL9/MLC2. In concert with MYO18A and LURAP1, is involved in modulating lamellar actomyosin retrograde flow that is crucial to cell protrusion and migration. Phosphorylates: PPP1R12A, LIMK1 and LIMK2. May play a role in TFRC-mediated iron uptake. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11340065, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11399775, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15723050, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18854160, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20188707, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21457715, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9092543, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9418861}.
Subcellular locationCytoplasm {ECO:0000250}. Note=Displays a dispersed punctate distribution and concentrates along the cell periphery, especially at the leading edge and cell-cell junction. This concentration is PH-domain dependent, By similarity. {ECO:0000250}.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: Q5VT25
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
actin cytoskeleton reorganization [GO:0031532];
actomyosin structure organization [GO:0031032];
cell migration [GO:0016477];
intracellular signal transduction [GO:0035556];
protein phosphorylation [GO:0006468]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
ATP binding [GO:0005524];
identical protein binding [GO:0042802];
magnesium ion binding [GO:0000287];
protein serine/threonine kinase activity [GO:0004674]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
actomyosin [GO:0042641];
cell-cell junction [GO:0005911];
cell leading edge [GO:0031252];
cytoplasm [GO:0005737];
extracellular exosome [GO:0070062]
Protein-protein interaction114051
Phylogenetic treeQ5VT25
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD3-0.7780515131713150.01927020969157790.0451345144477796
AZA vs. DISU-0.1736102244289130.4988323018649570.934754900374469
AZA vs. IL70.0145612084929790.9409523627598580.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA-0.0485564300102370.8453920299006260.963324702012782
DISU vs. CD30.5909324712918180.106435026292690.195737840734214
DISU vs. IL70.1799361308693770.4814312877720340.815232336082343
DISU vs. SAHA0.1261109926229240.6683351005545130.898933766732129
DMSO vs. AZA-0.03120935705750570.8566861798277011
DMSO vs. CD30.7361324933452770.0233944996191690.0510336137797249
DMSO vs. DISU0.1410897393946860.5693421042246850.929072605378018
DMSO vs. IL70.05270019823620760.7746406057600620.953700815775867
DMSO vs. SAHA-0.02459324635973850.9187476841322010.981351384262031
HIV vs. Mock in Activation0.1384335527817310.8260550549139120.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency-0.08932305120071580.6328859328623370.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD30.80110928126410.01407842875502450.039472499372114
SAHA vs. CD30.7041792576419160.04934829158772170.0978737896810661
SAHA vs. IL7-0.06781125917966610.7848817765159910.90597615232167
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) TRUE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK 0.753041 0.000305467
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

not found

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
not found