Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0000454
UniProt IDQ14444
Primary gene name(s)CAPRIN1
Synonym gene name(s)GPIAP1, GPIP137, M11S1, RNG105
Protein nameCaprin-1
Protein functionMay regulate the transport and translation of mRNAs of proteins involved in synaptic plasticity in neurons and cell proliferation and migration in multiple cell types. {ECO:0000250, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17210633}.
Subcellular locationCytoplasm, cytosol. Cell projection, dendrite. Note=Associated with RNA granules. {ECO:0000250}.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: Q14444
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
negative regulation of translation [GO:0017148];
positive regulation of dendrite morphogenesis [GO:0050775];
positive regulation of dendritic spine morphogenesis [GO:0061003]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
poly(A RNA binding [GO:0044822];
RNA binding [GO:0003723]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
cytoplasm [GO:0005737];
cytoplasmic mRNA processing body [GO:0000932];
cytoplasmic stress granule [GO:0010494];
cytosol [GO:0005829];
dendrite [GO:0030425];
integral component of plasma membrane [GO:0005887];
membrane [GO:0016020]
Protein-protein interaction110252
Phylogenetic treeQ14444
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD31.397505728539622.70152302425108e-050.000151365632050232
AZA vs. DISU0.07798888186141670.7577878249499350.976021571236163
AZA vs. IL70.3253935682864810.09018429851213680.814956793449304
AZA vs. SAHA0.003788270242345390.9875920226903960.997438787484495
DISU vs. CD3-1.331255177950770.0003059268277962880.00149531160901467
DISU vs. IL70.2382725545291310.3437985811905920.724968811969396
DISU vs. SAHA-0.07329538776219470.8017427303292680.948438947308947
DMSO vs. AZA-0.09115583811413140.585522122152591
DMSO vs. CD3-1.498368566582524.33198487970188e-062.69898065395818e-05
DMSO vs. DISU-0.1706858619269990.4839363071372240.902656462041158
DMSO vs. IL70.4237111041015610.01837759638240270.281261183212914
DMSO vs. SAHA0.08745644358059810.7104234020253740.91297337175334
HIV vs. Mock in Activation-0.004108291906193340.9947252329149180.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency-0.004996542435653570.9757912480189660.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD3-1.064215741228140.001034085572176660.00435993617606119
SAHA vs. CD3-1.418807051899497.91358300599176e-050.000390241151506204
SAHA vs. IL7-0.3249629786829070.1822832806616270.411103190821691
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) FALSE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK 0.0503648 0.785038
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
0.923 1.024 0.801 0.694 1.015
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
200723_s_at 1.43 No upregulated in CD4+ cells

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

PDB Accession Method Resolution Chain Structure Preview
4WBE X-ray 2.0Å A/B/C=132-251.
4WBP X-ray 2.5Å A/B=132-251.

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

HIV Partner Interaction Type PubMed
Rev interacts with 22174317
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 complexes with 23125841
Gag-Pol complexes with 23125841
Pr55(Gag) complexes with 23125841
Nef complexes with 23125841

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
not found