Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0000432
UniProt IDQ7Z3S7
Primary gene name(s)CACNA2D4
Synonym gene name(s)unknown
Protein nameVoltage-dependent calcium channel subunit alpha-2/delta-4
Protein functionThe alpha-2/delta subunit of voltage-dependent calcium channels regulates calcium current density and activation/inactivation kinetics of the calcium channel. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:12181424}.
Subcellular locationMembrane {ECO:0000305};
Single-pass type I membrane protein {ECO:0000305}.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: Q7Z3S7
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
calcium ion transmembrane transport [GO:0070588];
cardiac conduction [GO:0061337];
detection of light stimulus involved in visual perception [GO:0050908];
regulation of calcium ion transport [GO:0051924]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
calcium channel regulator activity [GO:0005246];
metal ion binding [GO:0046872];
voltage-gated calcium channel activity [GO:0005245]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
plasma membrane [GO:0005886];
voltage-gated calcium channel complex [GO:0005891]
Protein-protein interactionunknown
Phylogenetic treeQ7Z3S7
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD3-1.719070211464059.56038061050712e-077.4428748223948e-06
AZA vs. DISU-0.460022121078360.08576956941904610.613034845624799
AZA vs. IL7-0.1925265127717690.3529440848739480.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA-1.039616720394467.83761670709593e-050.00323682833541819
DISU vs. CD31.245175780515980.001449038107615990.0056720030785729
DISU vs. IL70.2555907124994840.3361207020423990.715822015364438
DISU vs. SAHA-0.5774050347060930.06615260034249020.325393954007024
DMSO vs. AZA-0.00352673743051490.984712108995141
DMSO vs. CD31.702567053012356.31971485032246e-074.72020348141338e-06
DMSO vs. DISU0.4528713654710890.07979582761824830.527690305481618
DMSO vs. IL7-0.1808097537657840.3522779528365470.81776873098413
DMSO vs. SAHA-1.040709752349954.11453170375831e-050.00175147154761012
HIV vs. Mock in Activation-0.294108513555340.653494381508920.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency0.008878188099308130.9596907927262980.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD31.532128663401078.28545479869547e-066.54885475515138e-05
SAHA vs. CD30.6549425429406520.0788553568392650.144042451826391
SAHA vs. IL7-0.8500368259799280.001194990058171250.0134027381970785
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) TRUE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK -0.785934 0.000305467
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

not found

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
hsa04010 MAPK signaling pathway - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04260 Cardiac muscle contraction - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04261 Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04921 Oxytocin signaling pathway - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05410 Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05412 Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05414 Dilated cardiomyopathy - Homo sapiens (human)