Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0000309
UniProt IDQ9Y224
Primary gene name(s)C14orf166
Synonym gene name(s)unknown
Protein nameUPF0568 protein C14orf166
Protein functionRNA-binding protein involved in modulation of mRNA transcription by Polymerase II. In case of infection by influenza virus A, is involved in viral replication. Component of the tRNA-splicing ligase complex and is required for tRNA ligation, PubMed:24870230. May be required for RNA transport, PubMed:24608264. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:16950395, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24608264, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24870230}.
Subcellular locationNucleus. Cytoplasm, cytosol. Cytoplasm, perinuclear region. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome. Note=May localize at the centrosome during mitosis. Shuttles between the cytosol and the nucleus: enters into the nucleus in case of active transcription while it accumulates in cytosol when transcription level is low, PubMed:24608264. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:24608264}.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: Q9Y224
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter [GO:0045944];
RNA transport [GO:0050658];
transcription, DNA-templated [GO:0006351];
tRNA splicing, via endonucleolytic cleavage and ligation [GO:0006388];
viral process [GO:0016032]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
identical protein binding [GO:0042802];
poly(A RNA binding [GO:0044822];
RNA binding [GO:0003723];
RNA polymerase II core binding [GO:0000993]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
cytoplasm [GO:0005737];
cytosol [GO:0005829];
microtubule organizing center [GO:0005815];
nucleoplasm [GO:0005654];
nucleus [GO:0005634];
perinuclear region of cytoplasm [GO:0048471];
tRNA-splicing ligase complex [GO:0072669]
Protein-protein interaction119650
Phylogenetic treeQ9Y224
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD30.917720328997510.005437888552634720.0155551065221694
AZA vs. DISU-0.05835467189291820.8173780398873750.984256604838454
AZA vs. IL70.1754471168564690.3612086840044460.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA0.08673874582802640.7223454190913410.92258704353283
DISU vs. CD3-0.9892070047610960.006829063889391530.0211204983727304
DISU vs. IL70.2250095902695910.3714310023215560.744446406382166
DISU vs. SAHA0.1460751498600460.6165134797489310.879448741365584
DMSO vs. AZA-0.1089780196544040.5152686486490961
DMSO vs. CD3-1.040421824915440.001293625838775570.0042794188100909
DMSO vs. DISU-0.05312384507774360.8275183528012570.980747352324641
DMSO vs. IL70.2919138324451140.1046364307009390.585956238044819
DMSO vs. SAHA0.1893399992651240.4220570406735690.761273895964411
HIV vs. Mock in Activation-0.3521217343030750.5715366572391950.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency-0.1566005297321270.3426067849613240.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD3-0.7334446936898720.02299155621690360.0585193729917914
SAHA vs. CD3-0.856321074010040.01661092321304740.0393843003179081
SAHA vs. IL7-0.09233173214666440.7050711818104720.864225320752241
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) FALSE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK -0.133815 0.379412
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
1.018 0.976 0.961 0.963 0.982
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

not found

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

HIV Partner Interaction Type PubMed
Rev interacts with 22174317

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
not found