Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0000225
UniProt IDQ9BXH1
Primary gene name(s)BBC3
Synonym gene name(s)PUMA
Protein nameBcl-2-binding component 3
Protein functionEssential mediator of p53/TP53-dependent and p53/TP53-independent apoptosis. Functions by promoting partial unfolding of BCL2L1 and dissociation of BCL2L1 from p53/TP53. Regulates ER stress-induced neuronal apoptosis. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11463391, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23340338}.
Subcellular locationMitochondrion {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11463391, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11463392, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11572983}. Note=Localized to the mitochondria in order to induce cytochrome c release.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: Q9BXH1
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
activation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process [GO:0006919];
apoptotic signaling pathway [GO:0097190];
cellular response to DNA damage stimulus [GO:0006974];
cellular response to hypoxia [GO:0071456];
determination of adult lifespan [GO:0008340];
execution phase of apoptosis [GO:0097194];
intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to endoplasmic reticulum stress [GO:0070059];
negative regulation of endoplasmic reticulum calcium ion concentration [GO:0032471];
negative regulation of growth [GO:0045926];
positive regulation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity [GO:2001056];
positive regulation of endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway [GO:1902237];
positive regulation of intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway [GO:2001244];
positive regulation of IRE1-mediated unfolded protein response [GO:1903896];
positive regulation of neuron apoptotic process [GO:0043525];
positive regulation of protein homooligomerization [GO:0032464];
positive regulation of protein insertion into mitochondrial membrane involved in apoptotic signaling pathway [GO:1900740];
positive regulation of release of cytochrome c from mitochondria [GO:0090200];
positive regulation of thymocyte apoptotic process [GO:0070245];
protein insertion into mitochondrial membrane involved in apoptotic signaling pathway [GO:0001844];
regulation of apoptotic process [GO:0042981];
release of cytochrome c from mitochondria [GO:0001836];
release of sequestered calcium ion into cytosol [GO:0051209];
response to endoplasmic reticulum stress [GO:0034976]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
cytosol [GO:0005829];
endoplasmic reticulum [GO:0005783];
mitochondrial outer membrane [GO:0005741];
mitochondrion [GO:0005739]
Protein-protein interaction118009
Phylogenetic treeQ9BXH1
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD3-1.802634838402391.10522613838704e-071.05296892274143e-06
AZA vs. DISU-0.2637992362691190.2999387597718060.86128089010194
AZA vs. IL7-0.8344010442028540.005080276946032970.221315070542066
AZA vs. SAHA-0.597134733233090.01549080116911330.129798964326411
DISU vs. CD31.525731738774324.28679716329983e-050.000269921388636515
DISU vs. IL7-0.5807632751668130.042127669355650.271515440588467
DISU vs. SAHA-0.3298693713400370.2604067814585450.637923974092787
DMSO vs. AZA-0.5221618720398340.003619205430670511
DMSO vs. CD31.267770394608810.0001060891258983790.000474957706287987
DMSO vs. DISU-0.2604584860878670.2896674259875970.803718198397363
DMSO vs. IL7-0.3047689374624650.2195921153510810.727735415657001
DMSO vs. SAHA-0.07875203460548540.7408313591237120.92450038820069
HIV vs. Mock in Activation0.3790300996770770.5503131545051310.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency0.00791470933490930.964478471846910.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD30.971967795457060.003247813000928690.011644692046384
SAHA vs. CD31.183031641611680.001043523146251450.0037124395217208
SAHA vs. IL70.2353201614442220.4151386053662020.659958942957041
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
0.7563 0.03713

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) TRUE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK 0.920952 0.000305467
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

PDB Accession Method Resolution Chain Structure Preview
2M04 NMR - B=130-154.
4BPI X-ray 1.9Å B=136-152.
4BPJ X-ray 1.6Å D=139-153.
4BPK X-ray 1.7Å C/D=134-152.
4HNJ X-ray 2.9Å C=130-154.

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

HIV Partner Interaction Type PubMed
Envelope surface glycoprotein gp120 upregulates 14993250

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
hsa01524 Platinum drug resistance - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04115 p53 signaling pathway - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04210 Apoptosis - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04215 Apoptosis - multiple species - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa04390 Hippo signaling pathway - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05016 Huntington's disease - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05162 Measles - Homo sapiens (human)