Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0000191
UniProt IDP48201
Primary gene name(s)ATP5G3
Synonym gene name(s)unknown
Protein nameATP synthase F(0 complex subunit C3, mitochondrial
Protein functionMitochondrial membrane ATP synthase, F(1F(0 ATP synthase or Complex V produces ATP from ADP in the presence of a proton gradient across the membrane which is generated by electron transport complexes of the respiratory chain. F-type ATPases consist of two structural domains, F(1 - containing the extramembraneous catalytic core and F(0 - containing the membrane proton channel, linked together by a central stalk and a peripheral stalk. During catalysis, ATP synthesis in the catalytic domain of F(1 is coupled via a rotary mechanism of the central stalk subunits to proton translocation. Part of the complex F(0 domain. A homomeric c-ring of probably 10 subunits is part of the complex rotary element.
Subcellular locationMitochondrion membrane;
Multi-pass membrane protein.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: P48201
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
ATP biosynthetic process [GO:0006754];
ATP hydrolysis coupled proton transport [GO:0015991];
ATP synthesis coupled proton transport [GO:0015986];
mitochondrial ATP synthesis coupled proton transport [GO:0042776]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
hydrogen ion transmembrane transporter activity [GO:0015078];
lipid binding [GO:0008289];
transporter activity [GO:0005215]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
integral component of membrane [GO:0016021];
mitochondrial outer membrane [GO:0005741];
mitochondrial proton-transporting ATP synthase complex [GO:0005753];
proton-transporting ATP synthase complex, coupling factor F(o [GO:0045263]
Protein-protein interaction107003
Phylogenetic treeP48201
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD31.326353941764887.77144659093176e-050.000384920285962943
AZA vs. DISU-0.1093918025847440.6653884992839930.962109385105098
AZA vs. IL70.2430917461491130.20628509673190.970014097526061
AZA vs. SAHA0.15429935304340.527681926517570.836955054166947
DISU vs. CD3-1.448251069292689.64918128669723e-050.000548667516845243
DISU vs. IL70.3431005809914040.1733775000535870.538987378220335
DISU vs. SAHA0.2656736188077240.3635488650637730.737124303158365
DMSO vs. AZA-0.05874743096245360.7260395854732181
DMSO vs. CD3-1.397626845806512.12947579596445e-050.000113439012963948
DMSO vs. DISU0.04852772210524350.8423788745027350.982583769983649
DMSO vs. IL70.3092161386878960.08583677506436940.548068354127644
DMSO vs. SAHA0.2075392017775150.3792178738482490.726661484649328
HIV vs. Mock in Activation-0.08516759758165850.8910012963918740.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency-0.08781043643317490.5953926857096890.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD3-1.076461234265320.0009824080706096750.00417239697049863
SAHA vs. CD3-1.195924018979640.001040865196171080.00370648357899296
SAHA vs. IL7-0.09119230505999080.7087408570834830.866579143570229
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
1.8 2.13E-06 1.3 0.002474241 1.3 0.038238805
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) FALSE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK -0.220597 0.108199
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

not found

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
hsa00190 Oxidative phosphorylation - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa01100 Metabolic pathways - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05010 Alzheimer's disease - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05012 Parkinson's disease - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa05016 Huntington's disease - Homo sapiens (human)