Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0000111
UniProt IDO75106
Primary gene name(s)AOC2
Synonym gene name(s)unknown
Protein nameRetina-specific copper amine oxidase
Protein functionHas a monoamine oxidase activity with substrate specificity for 2-phenylethylamine and tryptamine. May play a role in adipogenesis. May be a critical modulator of signal transmission in retina. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:17400359, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19588076}.
Subcellular locationIsoform 1: Cell membrane {ECO:0000269|PubMed:19588076};
Peripheral membrane protein {ECO:0000269|PubMed:19588076}. Note=Present on the surface of the cells. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:19588076}.;
SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Isoform 2: Cytoplasm {ECO:0000269|PubMed:19588076}. Note=Either not translocated to the plasma membrane or below detection level. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:19588076}.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: O75106
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
amine metabolic process [GO:0009308];
catecholamine metabolic process [GO:0006584];
visual perception [GO:0007601];
xenobiotic metabolic process [GO:0006805]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
aliphatic-amine oxidase activity [GO:0052595];
aminoacetone:oxygen oxidoreductase(deaminating activity [GO:0052594];
copper ion binding [GO:0005507];
electron carrier activity [GO:0009055];
phenethylamine:oxygen oxidoreductase, deaminating activity [GO:0052596];
primary amine oxidase activity [GO:0008131];
quinone binding [GO:0048038];
tryptamine:oxygen oxidoreductase, deaminating activity [GO:0052593]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
cytoplasm [GO:0005737];
plasma membrane [GO:0005886]
Protein-protein interaction106811
Phylogenetic treeO75106
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD31.430478729905910.0001106451498992240.000528404213967399
AZA vs. DISU1.5320078181740.01646722656075350.310117055746302
AZA vs. IL70.06557626527521160.8143415083655130.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA0.9183385109653430.002510442486597930.0390530547399146
DISU vs. CD30.07559351711155580.9141253737555590.944247666613448
DISU vs. IL7-1.470537395519230.02571321491669480.204284140964739
DISU vs. SAHA-0.5981313909872270.3602026031872930.736101104178919
DMSO vs. AZA0.2067421495691230.4287652517190311
DMSO vs. CD3-1.242016443505430.0004843635141135170.00181380470795927
DMSO vs. DISU-1.326508067840980.0371657544933650.389042937618867
DMSO vs. IL7-0.1281894104239690.6196567640154150.91712535528002
DMSO vs. SAHA0.7108884551742870.01333624174748090.108761092736085
HIV vs. Mock in Activation0.4549224042590290.4836748783861350.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latencyunknownunknownunknown
IL7 vs. CD3-1.368613796554740.0001264860227409010.000715930837691929
SAHA vs. CD3-0.5338885000639910.1555182879748220.247822840200969
SAHA vs. IL70.8567452398280550.003789320114980570.0316105209813044
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) TRUE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK 1.0843 0.00381747
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

not found

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
hsa00260 Glycine# serine and threonine metabolism - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa00350 Tyrosine metabolism - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa00360 Phenylalanine metabolism - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa00410 beta-Alanine metabolism - Homo sapiens (human)
hsa01100 Metabolic pathways - Homo sapiens (human)