Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0000092
UniProt IDQ86WK6
Primary gene name(s)AMIGO1
Synonym gene name(s)ALI2, AMIGO, KIAA1163
Protein nameAmphoterin-induced protein 1
Protein functionPromotes growth and fasciculation of neurites from cultured hippocampal neurons. May be involved in fasciculation as well as myelination of developing neural axons. May have a role in regeneration as well as neural plasticity in the adult nervous system. May mediate homophilic as well as heterophilic cell-cell interaction and contribute to signal transduction through its intracellular domain. Assembled with KCNB1 modulates the gating characteristics of the delayed rectifier voltage-dependent potassium channel KCNB1. {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q80ZD7, ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q80ZD8}.
Subcellular locationCell membrane {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q80ZD8};
Single-pass type I membrane protein {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q80ZD8}. Perikaryon {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q80ZD8}. Cell projection, dendrite {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q80ZD8}. Cell projection, axon {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q80ZD7}. Note=Colocalizes with KCNB1 at high-density somatodendritic clusters on the surface of hippocampal and cortical neurons. Associated with axons of neuronal cells. {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q80ZD7, ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q80ZD8}.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: Q86WK6
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
axonal fasciculation [GO:0007413];
axonogenesis [GO:0007409];
heterophilic cell-cell adhesion via plasma membrane cell adhesion molecules [GO:0007157];
homophilic cell adhesion via plasma membrane adhesion molecules [GO:0007156];
myelination [GO:0042552];
positive regulation of axonogenesis [GO:0050772];
positive regulation of potassium ion transmembrane transport [GO:1901381];
positive regulation of synapse assembly [GO:0051965]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
potassium channel regulator activity [GO:0015459]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
axon [GO:0030424];
dendrite [GO:0030425];
neuronal cell body membrane [GO:0032809];
perikaryon [GO:0043204];
voltage-gated potassium channel complex [GO:0008076]
Protein-protein interaction121533
Phylogenetic treeQ86WK6
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD3-2.488057777718585.27875521072474e-119.72633233936959e-10
AZA vs. DISU-1.427605027027170.001367190819503430.093053763645553
AZA vs. IL7-0.7093203324563350.09841264578558210.833343590495724
AZA vs. SAHA-0.5040314270029280.264871791268690.637197156333264
DISU vs. CD31.045107474616710.007536324713915190.0229083603019878
DISU vs. IL70.7115240109554930.07643762014101820.367793528128263
DISU vs. SAHA0.9221642982566850.03195979322796780.214532829442617
DMSO vs. AZA-0.01994972322332340.9675916631885771
DMSO vs. CD32.441549744494131.27363419810678e-091.61237808356963e-08
DMSO vs. DISU1.401603824406810.003128899717558140.120903894214362
DMSO vs. IL7-0.6799687697513530.1390222411407610.638173046649502
DMSO vs. SAHA-0.4898142935532470.3067508758046570.65905044894381
HIV vs. Mock in Activation-0.2458224086512770.7158214997644090.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency-0.8949515054247589.4289485319865e-050.0100555011051314
IL7 vs. CD31.789171647838383.49479836847522e-073.76803260429377e-06
SAHA vs. CD31.953327957648573.86214844105837e-073.46650250189098e-06
SAHA vs. IL70.1965343073577040.6344118413603640.819041118248212
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) TRUE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK -1.55824 0.000305467
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

not found

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
not found