Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0000078
UniProt IDQ9Y243
Primary gene name(s)AKT3
Synonym gene name(s)PKBG
Protein nameRAC-gamma serine/threonine-protein kinase
Protein functionAKT3 is one of 3 closely related serine/threonine-protein kinases, AKT1, AKT2 and AKT3 called the AKT kinase, and which regulate many processes including metabolism, proliferation, cell survival, growth and angiogenesis. This is mediated through serine and/or threonine phosphorylation of a range of downstream substrates. Over 100 substrate candidates have been reported so far, but for most of them, no isoform specificity has been reported. AKT3 is the least studied AKT isoform. It plays an important role in brain development and is crucial for the viability of malignant glioma cells. AKT3 isoform may also be the key molecule in up-regulation and down-regulation of MMP13 via IL13. Required for the coordination of mitochondrial biogenesis with growth factor-induced increases in cellular energy demands. Down-regulation by RNA interference reduces the expression of the phosphorylated form of BAD, resulting in the induction of caspase-dependent apoptosis. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:18524868, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21191416}.
Subcellular locationNucleus {ECO:0000269|PubMed:20018949}. Cytoplasm {ECO:0000269|PubMed:20018949}. Membrane {ECO:0000269|PubMed:20018949};
Peripheral membrane protein {ECO:0000269|PubMed:20018949}. Note=Membrane-associated after cell stimulation leading to its translocation.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: Q9Y243
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
intracellular signal transduction [GO:0035556];
mitochondrial genome maintenance [GO:0000002];
peptidyl-serine phosphorylation [GO:0018105];
protein phosphorylation [GO:0006468];
signal transduction [GO:0007165]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
ATP binding [GO:0005524];
protein kinase activity [GO:0004672];
protein serine/threonine kinase activity [GO:0004674]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
cytoplasm [GO:0005737];
Golgi apparatus [GO:0005794];
intracellular [GO:0005622];
nucleoplasm [GO:0005654];
plasma membrane [GO:0005886]
Protein-protein interaction115318
Phylogenetic treeQ9Y243
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
      unknown
Brass et al., Science, 2008
      unknown
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
      unknown
Interferon-stimulated
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model


DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD3-0.04467255965254210.8919904487339260.929614164245452
AZA vs. DISU0.5021729074429570.05609311043810890.529024520717537
AZA vs. IL7-0.3691564883014350.05649847556032280.690114685673214
AZA vs. SAHA0.3470090213411670.1560322782425650.50310814165314
DISU vs. CD30.533647719927520.1420676897941220.245588114215206
DISU vs. IL7-0.8795787356984370.0007141180748629910.0217481413708274
DISU vs. SAHA-0.1548140637396270.5987242988045180.871823565921053
DMSO vs. AZA-0.05276622712622140.7542887582282021
DMSO vs. CD3-0.02233243870243530.944637947193770.961552072599604
DMSO vs. DISU-0.5576051219315190.02420336473650040.317890510717345
DMSO vs. IL7-0.3088635377124970.08807531941552280.553801387267045
DMSO vs. SAHA0.392639878984310.09680615277502260.366022460730649
HIV vs. Mock in Activation0.1686449061046470.7892390176449340.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency0.003579962134621820.9828279956911310.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD3-0.3150873820175330.3288956997639010.46724268449965
SAHA vs. CD30.3657042794298520.3036770069933360.417021159829178
SAHA vs. IL70.711341785664610.003728251428258280.0311821238401809
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) TRUE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK -0.564951 0.000305467
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category