Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0000048
UniProt IDQ9H2P0
Primary gene name(s)ADNP
Synonym gene name(s)ADNP1, KIAA0784
Protein nameActivity-dependent neuroprotector homeobox protein
Protein functionPotential transcription factor. May mediate some of the neuroprotective peptide VIP-associated effects involving normal growth and cancer proliferation.
Subcellular locationNucleus {ECO:0000255|PROSITE-ProRule:PRU00108}.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: Q9H2P0
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
activation of protein kinase activity [GO:0032147];
cellular response to extracellular stimulus [GO:0031668];
estrous cycle [GO:0044849];
negative regulation of gene expression [GO:0010629];
negative regulation of neuron apoptotic process [GO:0043524];
negative regulation of protein binding [GO:0032091];
negative regulation of synaptic transmission [GO:0050805];
nitric oxide homeostasis [GO:0033484];
positive regulation of axon extension [GO:0045773];
positive regulation of cGMP biosynthetic process [GO:0030828];
positive regulation of peptidyl-tyrosine phosphorylation [GO:0050731];
positive regulation of synapse assembly [GO:0051965];
regulation of protein ADP-ribosylation [GO:0010835];
regulation of transcription, DNA-templated [GO:0006355];
response to carbohydrate [GO:0009743];
response to inorganic substance [GO:0010035];
short-term memory [GO:0007614];
transcription, DNA-templated [GO:0006351]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
chromatin binding [GO:0003682];
copper ion binding [GO:0005507];
DNA binding [GO:0003677];
peptide binding [GO:0042277]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
axon [GO:0030424];
cytoplasm [GO:0005737];
dendrite [GO:0030425];
extracellular space [GO:0005615];
neuronal cell body [GO:0043025];
nucleus [GO:0005634]
Protein-protein interaction116967
Phylogenetic treeQ9H2P0
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD30.06678805686754190.8381925428837320.891059758010026
AZA vs. DISU0.2155962897958010.3938223911457470.902524512989909
AZA vs. IL70.05862956046526740.7602266737402880.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA-0.2933596522347270.2315698217500210.602049584867163
DISU vs. CD30.1364394674043260.7062039303017910.79423278854001
DISU vs. IL7-0.1661203228249920.5091586528260290.831949565505353
DISU vs. SAHA-0.5078577299726270.08258247008244570.364985456484616
DMSO vs. AZA-0.04546840013949450.785929104915721
DMSO vs. CD3-0.1229542623250720.7002579335241920.780106911820006
DMSO vs. DISU-0.2628195642250990.2812019341489330.796562621733913
DMSO vs. IL70.111335477992250.5354883551284470.896696737481162
DMSO vs. SAHA-0.2548658513911590.2816450635647240.63117810453293
HIV vs. Mock in Activation0.0645105590875720.9173805403787080.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency0.08841157297648550.5917245434971180.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD3-0.0005306542887025940.9986800821802590.999077777839188
SAHA vs. CD3-0.3850135915972490.27739767013760.390033857900134
SAHA vs. IL7-0.3557687940526550.1453491749699130.359585828730376
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) FALSE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK -0.270858 0.0382227
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
1.038 1.018 0.987 0.956 1.113
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

not found

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
not found