Detailed entry information

Protein Information (annotations from UniProt)

Database IDHIV0000020
UniProt IDQ709F0
Primary gene name(s)ACAD11
Synonym gene name(s)unknown
Protein nameAcyl-CoA dehydrogenase family member 11
Protein functionAcyl-CoA dehydrogenase, that exhibits maximal activity towards saturated C22-CoA. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:21237683}.
Subcellular locationPeroxisome {ECO:0000250}. Mitochondrion {ECO:0000269|PubMed:21237683}. Note=Has been detected associated with mitochondrial membrane, but no matrix, in kidney and cerebellum, as well as in a neuroblastoma cell line, but not in skin fibroblasts, where it is observed in cytoplasmic vesicles, PubMed:21237683. No mitochondrial targeting signals could be predicted for any known isoform, including a putative isoform starting at Met-316. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:21237683}.
ECO codeClick here for more information.
Amino acid sequence
FASTA format: Q709F0
Gene Ontology
(Biological Process)
Complete annatation
fatty acid beta-oxidation [GO:0006635];
fatty acid beta-oxidation using acyl-CoA dehydrogenase [GO:0033539];
lipid homeostasis [GO:0055088]
Gene Ontology
(Molecular Function)
Complete annatation
acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity [GO:0003995];
electron carrier activity [GO:0009055];
fatty-acyl-CoA binding [GO:0000062];
flavin adenine dinucleotide binding [GO:0050660];
long-chain-acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity [GO:0004466];
medium-chain-acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity [GO:0070991];
oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-CH group of donors, with a flavin as acceptor [GO:0052890];
very-long-chain-acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity [GO:0017099]
Gene Ontology
(Cellular Component)
Complete annatation
mitochondrial inner membrane [GO:0005743];
mitochondrial membrane [GO:0031966];
nucleus [GO:0005634];
peroxisome [GO:0005777]
Protein-protein interaction123902
Phylogenetic treeQ709F0
HIV replication factor status Zhou et al., Cell. Host. Microbe., 2008
Brass et al., Science, 2008
Smith et al., J. Immunol, 2010
gene status
Lu et al., J. Virol., 2011
      Folds changes 8h: unknown; Folds changes 16h: unknown; Tested: unknown;
Schoggins JW and Rice CM, Curr. Opin. Virol., 2011
      Targeted viruses: unknown
      Viral life cycle: unknown
      Mechanism related to antiviral activity: unknown
Anti-viral restriction factor Liu et al., Retrovirology, 2011
      unknown (Triplicates)

Gene Expression Profile       top

            Up-regulated;            Down-regulated

For brief introduction to each study, please go to the help page.

Gene expression during HIV latency

(1). Mohammadi et al., PLoS Pathog., 2014

Differentially expressed transcripts (Pairwise) during latency and subsequent viral reactivation using several agents - Primary CD4+ T-cell based model

DMSO: Dimethyl suloxyde (negative control) - 0.0033% final
SAHA: Vorinostat (Histone deacetylase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
CD3: TCR Stimulation by IL-2+ antiCD3/anti-CD28 antibodies
IL7: Interleukin-7 based stimulation
DISU: Disulfiram (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor) - 0.5 μM
AZA: 5-azacytidine (AZA; DNA methylation inhibitor) - 1 μM
Experimental Condition Log2 Fold Change P value Adjusted P value
AZA vs. CD3-0.2022394534138290.5441320482623080.656880915611494
AZA vs. DISU-0.2259483497781870.3774624187862660.898589466327254
AZA vs. IL7-0.1993846692615820.3105035864210460.999311006273513
AZA vs. SAHA0.1702218698062110.4908618362713420.815100159356474
DISU vs. CD3-0.03709755629338280.920003263893530.948248150422638
DISU vs. IL70.01769947555932030.9446492523054890.990305109770879
DISU vs. SAHA0.397530543069550.1764174693110570.540607837535191
DMSO vs. AZA0.02379603243649540.890096863353491
DMSO vs. CD30.2137692882614880.5105220874820560.617901140716297
DMSO vs. DISU0.2478351426792870.3155648832407960.820207449196067
DMSO vs. IL7-0.2158306547519210.2407189921812280.745473115343036
DMSO vs. SAHA0.1397884603338170.5581422231866830.842703412995729
HIV vs. Mock in Activation0.1051951135418370.8664085919736740.999983755607037
HIV vs. Mock in Latency0.01044470675271610.9502236306138590.999834320637052
IL7 vs. CD30.009754670909253410.9761875676611110.986360382860341
SAHA vs. CD30.3475154104091460.3368308568908990.452248842956686
SAHA vs. IL70.3655883921199730.1387822823706650.350419451332564
(2). Iglesias-Ussel et al., J. Virol., 2013

Up and Downregulated transcripts during Latency (Latently infected CD4+ T cells vs Uninfected)- Primary CD4+Tcell based model
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Gene expression during HIV infection and replication

(1). Imbeault et al., PloS Pathog., 2012

Transcriptomic profiling of HIV-1 infected CD4+ T cells - Primary CD4+ T cells
Experiment type Log2 Fold Change P Value Adjusted P Value
Infected vs. Mock unknown unknown unknown
Infected vs. Bystander unknown unknown unknown
(2). Lefebvre et al., J. Virol., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)
Log2 Fold Change unknown
(3). Li et al., J. Immunol., 2013

Lymphatic tissue
Acute Fold Change Acute P Value Asymt Fold Change Asypt P Value AIDS Fold Change AIDS P Value
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(4). Chang et al., MBio., 2011

Transcriptome analysis of T-cell line (Sup T1)

Derived from Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015 cross validation
Up-regulated (True) TRUE
(5). Sherrill-Mix et al., BMC Retrovirol., 2015

Deep RNA-seq analysis of primary human T cell infected with low passage HIV isolate HIV89.6 - Primary CD4+ T cell based
Test Status Log2 Fold Change P Value
OK 0.293681 0.387983
(6). Rotger et al., PLoS Pathog., 2010

Genome-wide mRNA expression of CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected patient
(Genes differentially expressed (at adjusted p<0.01) according to the empirical Bayes approach)
Log2 Fold Change P Value
unknown unknown

Proteomic/Transcriptomics studies indicating differentially expressed genes mediated by HIV

(1). Greenwood et al., Elife, 2016

Activated (CD3/CD28) Primary human CD4+ T cells infected with pNL4-3-dE-EGFP. The table shows the complete (unfiltered) TMT (tandem mass tag)-based proteomic time course dataset
6 h 24 h 48 h 72 h RTi
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(2). Navare et al., Virology, 2012

SUP-T1 cell line
FC-4hpi P-value FC-8hpi P-value FC-20hpi P-value Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown unknown
(3). Hyrcza et al., J. Virolo., 2007

Primary human CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells
Affymetrix Prob ID Fold Change In CD8? Category
unknown unknown unknown unknown

Protein Overview       top

Drug-protein Interaction       (annotations from DrugBank)      top

not found

Protein Secondary Structure       (annotations from PDB)      top

PDB Accession Method Resolution Chain Structure Preview
2WBI X-ray 2.8Å A/B=355-780.

HIV-1 Interaction       (annotations from NCBI HIV-1 Interaction Database)      top

not found

Metabolic/Signalling Pathway       (annotations from KEGG database)      top

Pathway Accession Number Description
not found